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Please prepare a response to each of the attached documents for total of 4 responses. The responses need to be at least 150 words each. The responses should be as if you are talking directly to the person.
Due in 36 hrs.
Describe the components that contribute to port security planning. Why are they important and what aspects of security planning are considered in port facility operations?

The main driving factor behind port-security comes from the laws and regulations that have been developed over the years in acknowledgment of the security flaws that could have been exploited. With that in mind, these ever-evolving laws and regulations need to be taken into consideration and satisfied while planning port security. This begins at the communication level between stakeholders and authorities overseeing the security operations. Information Technology (IT) infrastructure needs to be utilized that allows for critical information to be shared as rapidly as possible. In conjunction with the IT infrastructure, physical space must be identified for the addition of technological advances that aid in the inspection of cargo. The identification of critical security roles and subsequent training of personnel to fill those roles is also of vital importance. The personnel assigned to port security roles must also be able to understand the procedures that need to be implemented in an emergency and be able to take action in the event they are needed. (Maritime Executive, 2015)
As the main element of port operations, the private enterprise must be taken into consideration. The cost-benefit analysis of security vulnerabilities, as well as what impacts the implementation of security protocols have played a vital role in the planning and development of port security. Security measures that hinder the efficient flow of goods will invariably impact the profitability of the enterprise and create a situation where investment in activities that require the utilization of ports may be reduced. The reason the laws and regulations were introduced was not to impact the flow of goods and profitability but to increase the security of our nation’s ports and prevent disruption. While it may be easy to fall into the trap of “fortress mentality” and implement a vast array of security measures, accounting for the profitability and efficiency of the private industries that are the main contributors to ports is a high priority.

Discuss the significance and purpose of the Secure Freight Initiative?

The Secure Freight Initiative is a continuance of other initiatives and is a layered approach in conjunction with similar programs including; The Mega ports Initiative, the Container Security Initiative, and the Customs-Trade Partnership Against Terrorism (CTPAT). The main purpose of these different programs is to identify and interdict cargo that may present a risk to the United States. The Secure Freight Initiative adds another layer to the container security onion by allocating funding towards radiographical equipment designed to detect nuclear materials. These technologies will scan for radiation and in the event of an alert, it will inform both DHS and the host nation simultaneously. Containers are also prescreened for information that could potentially identify them as high risk which improves the ability of risk analysis and targeting to pinpoint containers that warrant a higher level of scrutiny. (DHS, 2019)

Resources:
Department of Homeland Security (DHS) “Secure Freight Initiative” September 18, 2019, resourced from https://www.dhs.gov/secure-freight-initiative The Maritime Executive “Port Security Requires Early Planning” September 8, 2015, Resourced from https://www.maritime-executive.com/corporate/port-security-requiresearly-planning

Hello and good morning Class and Professor,

Describe the components that contribute to port security planning?

When designing or implementing a port security posture and plan the International Ship and Port Facility Security Code (ISPS Code) is what one should start with, along with a clear objective. From that ISPS guide it states what the mandatory requirements are, the application and responsibility aspect, as well as obligations and a thorough Port Facility Security Assessment (ISPS Code, 2003). From this weeks required readings it was stated that the components of Security Planning at a port are the communications systems, having a competent staff, make available and conduct training and drills and providing an inclusive group or team mentality (Christopher,2015). 

Why are they important and what aspects of security planning are considered in port facility operations?

All of those factors are important because it gives an overall view as to the scope of the security operations at the port, making it easier to have an effective security posture. It provides a guide to the personnel involved in the security planning so that they know it is comprehensive. When implementing a security plan it is important to consider utilizing incident management systems, communications interface, public information and media relationships, policy’s and procedures, and mutual aid agreements (Christopher, 2015).

Discuss the significance and purpose of the Secure Freight Initiative?
 
The Secure Freight Initiative (SFI) in congruence with the Department of Homeland Security have designed checks and balances for detection of Hazardous materials such as nuclear material. The goal is to scan as many containers as possible without slowing down operations but still keeping the port and its people safe(USCBP,2021).

References:
SOLAS XI-2 and the ISPS Code. (2021). https://www.imo.org/en/OurWork/Security/Pages/SOLAS-XI-2%20ISPS%20Code.aspx

(2003). International Ship and Port Facility Security Code (ISPS Code). International Maritime Organization. http://110.49.60.146/thinktank/wp-content/uploads/2020/02/ISPS-Code.pdf

Christopher, K. (2015). Port Security Management, 2nd Ed. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press Taylor & Francis Group, (ISBN # 13: 978-1-4200- 6893-1) e-book.
United States Customs and Border Protection USCBP. (2021). Secure Freight Initiative. Department of Homeland Security. https://www.dhs.gov/secure-freight-initiative.

“The ideal minimum level of physical protection should be the two- person team. This allows for the greatest flexibility and highest protection in the smallest package (McGovern, 2011). The level of protection that is warranted is mostly predicated on the value of the principal and the threat and risk assessment involved with the job at hand. The level of the threat should dictate the level of protection provided.  Some examples could be always having a cctv on them. Every location they frequent needs to be monitored. If anything, suspicious comes up the security team and see it firsthand on the cctv. Portable cctv’s can be used on the road or if the client is out and about. We should also scope out the area around the principal’s office and/or residence and observing. It helps determine the level of concern that needs to be addressed. Security can follow our client home or to their usual spots just to assess if the level of protection needs to be changed or adjusted. Our local law enforcement may be asked to keep an eye on the residence. Private security could also be hired for the client.  We also need to make sure they have an alarm system at home. So, if we are not there and something happens. The proper authorities can be alerted. These are just some ideas, as what we do for each client differs from the other.  I think the special protection should stop when and if the client requests. Or we can set them up with a transitional security team to help after they are done with us.
Brennan, M. (November 27, 2013). Billionaire Bunkers: Beyond the Panic Room, Home Security Goes Sci-Fi. Forbes. Retrieved from <https://www.forbes.com/sites/morganbrennan/2013/11/27/billionaire-bunkers-beyond-the-panic-room-home-security-goes-sci-fi/#407d82a2463d  
McGovern, G. P. (2011). Protective operations: A handbook for security and law enforcement. Boca Raton: CRC Press

Class,
 
During this week’s lesson, we were asked to identify what type of assessment would be completed to determine the level of protection afford to an individual.  “The decision on what level of protection to provide is wrought with unknowns.  A decision should, of course, rely on the role of the principal, the nature of the case, the duration of the operation (i.e., trial, etc.), the adversary, and manpower and economic constraints” (McGovern, 2011).  First it is important to understand the threat posed to the principal at the time.  Next it is important to understand how much manpower and resources are going to be required to provide the appropriate protection.  Utilizing a threat/risk assessment initially ensures the appropriate known threats are identified and ultimately the associated risk posed by each threat.  Evaluating the known tactics, techniques, and procedures the known threats have used in the past will help best identify where the principal is vulnerable.  For example, the vulnerability assessment may help show the areas or gaps where something could be exploited by the adversary and used to attack the principal.
 
Protection details should end only at the request of the principal or after the threats have minimized to a substantial level.  The speed at which this would occur is not very clear cut and could last for a long time depending on the role of the principal. 
 
Lifetime protection of a former President is something that can be taxing on a variety of resources.  The agency provided the protection such as secret service could best utilize the manpower dedicated to the President protection somewhere else.  Furthermore, the resources required to properly support the protection detail can be expensive.  I think the best timeline is providing the detail for five years.  At the five year mark a new assessment should be conducted to validate the need to continue providing the service.  At the ten year mark another assessment would be conducted to determine the level of protection and if protection should extend five more years.  At which time the fifteen year mark the protection would end.
 
 
Nick
 
McGovern, G. (2011). Protective Operations: A Handbook for Security and Law Enforcement.  Retrieved from http://web.b.ebscohost.com.ezproxy2.apus.edu/ehost/ebookviewer/ebook?sid=89550ef5-f53d-495f-89a0-6259bf28a262%40pdc-v-sessmgr02&ppid=pp_Cover&vid=0&format=EB
 

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