Ms. Anelia Fairfield
20 February 2021
It is good for the USA to Re-enter the Paris Climate Accords
The United States (U.S.) is one of the primary diplomats that established the Paris Agreement on climate change in 2015 (Biden Jr, Joseph, pg 64). The agreement mandated each country to set climate change mitigation goals and determine approaches to meet the goals independently, collectively achieving the international climate change mitigation measures. Under President Donald Trump, the U.S. abandoned the treaty by signing off in 2018, three years after its signing. It is a sad idea for such a superpower to check out and leave less influential countries to decide the entire world’s direction on their own (Kontorovich, pg 103).
Thesis statement: It is good for the U.S. to re-enter the Paris Agreement on climate change because it will reenergize robust, firm, and sustainable national and international policies and regulations. This will greatly revive climate change mitigation measures that will reverse the negative impact of climate change worldwide.
Re-entering the Paris Agreement will give birth to a more aggressive and ambitious move by the U.S. government on global leadership in the fight against climate change issues than the government’s previous commitment in 2015 (Bordoff, pg 2). Abandoning the Paris Agreement by the Trump administration in 2018 toppled the U.S. position as the climate change mitigation plan’s global leader. This reduced the federal government commitment and support for policies and practices that were put in place to ensure every state, nation, and individual are aware of their contribution to climate change and begin working to revert the effects (O’Connell, pg 265). Although the federal-state took its direction, the states like California, Massachusetts, and Washington too aggressive and ambitious to stand on the climate change position. Such an internal division was not correct, although necessary because climate change is a global issue that affects individual lives and governments in the world (Biden Jr, Joseph, pg 64). The government will likely strengthen its commitments on the decarbonization of its economy and perhaps lead many other international giants to do so. This will be a plus in the entire implementation of the Paris Agreement, thus hastening the goals set in the agreement. The government will also intensively invest in the climate change adaptation practices and structures to boost the entire leadership on climate change mitigation measures. The U.S. is the largest carbon dioxide emitter internationally, and thus re-joining the agreement will greatly impact the rate of emission in the world (Yu, pg 290).
Food security is one other great attainment that the U.S. government will foster by returning the Paris Agreement on climate change. Globally, about 9% of the world’s population is facing a food insecurity threat. Research reveals that 45% of the global child mortalities are caused by food deficiency. Increasing world temperatures continue to worsen the situation. High temperatures affect crop survival and growth, increasing water demand, thus creating competition for water resources (Biden Jr, Joseph, pg 64). Again, high carbon dioxide concentration is associate with a reduction in the nutrient content of the crop consumed in the world. This affects people’s access to sufficient and nutritious food to stay healthy. This implies that many health issues like obesity, diabetes, metabolism problems, and cognitive impairments will be common over time (O’Connell, pg 265). Rejoining the treat will increase mitigation measures and increase mitigation measures, thus reverting the negative effects of climate change cause on food security and other health issues. This will generally reduce the world financial constraint on sustaining a healthy population, thus increasing production capacity and economic growth globally (Bordoff, pg 2).
The U.S. rejoining the Paris Agreement is a boost to the vulnerable communities’ economic and health welfare in the world. In 1860, California was a descent region with fresh and cool air that made its inhabitant enjoy a healthy and safe living. Over time as the heat escalated, many houses were vulnerable to the forest fires and effects of pollution. For example, the 2018 Camp Fire destroyed nearly an entire California town. The fire cases have increased in many other areas, including Colorado (Kontorovich, pg 103).
In conclusion, the U.S. re-entering the Paris Agreement is beneficial to the nation and the world. The government will institute robust and sustainable policies and measures to reduce its emissions globally, leading the course for other countries like China. The move will also revive food security research and investments to increase the world’s supply of food and nutrients, thus making a healthy world. The more will make the vulnerable communities living near forests and congested areas escape the damages caused by fires (Yu, pg 290).
Biden Jr, Joseph R. “Why American Must Lead Again: Recusing U.S. Foreign Policy after Trump.” Foreign Aff. 99 (2020): 64.
Bordoff, Jason. “Withdrawing from the Paris climate agreement hurts the U.S.” Nature Energy 2.9 (2017): 1-3.
Kontorovich, Eugene. “Exiting Paris: What the Climate Accord Teaches about the Features of Treaties and Executive Agreements.” Case W. Res. J. Int’l L. 51 (2019): 103.
O’Connell, Alice R. “The Paris Agreement, Forced Migration, and America’s Changing Refugee Policy.” Loy. U. Chi. Int’l L. Rev. 16 (2020): 265.
Yu, Hongyuan. “The U.S. withdrawal from the Paris Agreement: Challenges and opportunities for China.” China Quarterly of International Strategic Studies 4.02 (2018): 281-300.