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DQ 1:
·      Follow the discussion questions participation and submission guidelines.
·      Follow the 3 x 3 rule: minimum three paragraphs per DQ, with a minimum of three sentences each paragraph.
·      All answers or discussions comments submitted must be in APA format according to Publication Manual American Psychological Association (APA) (6th ed.) 2009 ISBN: 978-1-4338-0561-5
·      Minimum of two references, not older than 2015.
Chapter 1: A History of Health Care and Nursing
1.  Some nurses believe that Florence Nightingale holds nursing back and represents the negative and backward elements of nursing. This view cites as evidence that Nightingale supported the subordination of nurses to physicians, opposed registration of nurses, and did not see mental health nurses as part of the profession. After reading this chapter, what do you think? Is Nightingale relevant in the 21st century to the nursing profession? Why or why not?

A History of Health Care and Nursing
Chapter 1

1

A History of Health Care
and Nursing
Classical Era
Greek Era
Roman Era
Middle Ages
The Renaissance
The Reformation
Industrial Revolution

2

And Then There Was Nightingale…
The Crimean experience
The political reformer
Military reforms
Nightingale School of Nursing and Midwifery
The birth of professional nursing
Taking health care to the community
The legacy of Nightingale

3

Continued Development of Professional Nursing in the UK
British Nurses’ Association (BNA) and nurse registration.
Royal College of Nursing has role as both professional organization and trade union.

“Nursing the Nation”
by Molly Case Video

The Development of Professional Nursing in Canada
Augustine nuns and Jeanne Mance
Victorian Order of Nurses (VON)
St. Catharine’s General Hospital
Canadian Nurses Association
Registered Nurses Association of British Columbia
Registered Nurses’ Association of Ontario
Canadian Nurses Foundation
Canadian Association of Schools of Nursing

History of Nursing Review Video

Development of Professional Nursing in Australia
The Melbourne District Nursing Society
Australian Army Nursing Service
Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia
Australian Nursing and Midwifery Accreditation Council
Australian Nursing and Midwifery Federation

Nursing Officer−Royal
Australian Navy Video

You Couldn’t Be in Better Hands Cinema Ad Video

Early Nursing in the United States
The Goldmark Report
The Brown Report
American Nurses Association
Lillian Wald and the Henry Street Settlement
Dorothea Lynde Dix
Clara Barton
Mary Breckinridge and the Frontier Nursing Service

11

Nursing Profession Responds to the Great Depression and WWII
Frances Payne Bolton and the Cadet Nurse Corps
Civil Works Administration (CWA)
Social Security Act
Nurses and Hollywood

12

1945−1960: Decades of Change
New technology and drugs
Hill Burton Act (1946)
American Nurses Association’s (ANA’s) Code of Ethics for Nurses & International Council of Nurses’ (ICN’s) Code of Ethics for Nurses adopted
Journal of Nursing Research first published
ANA accepted African American nurses for membership

13

1961−2000: Years of Revolution, Protest, and the New Order
Specialization in nursing
Medicaid and Medicare (1965)
ANA’s first position paper on nursing education
First nurse practitioner program in the U.S.
ANA published Nursing’s Agenda for Health Care Reform

14

History of Care Video

The New Century
(1 of 2)
Institute of Medicine (IOM) reports
To Err Is Human: Building a Safer Health System
Crossing the Quality Chasm: A New Health System for the 21st Century
Health Professions Education: A Bridge to Quality
The Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health (IOM)

16

The New Century
(2 of 2)
Quality and Safety Education for Nurses (QSEN)
Nurse of the Future: Nursing Core Competencies
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA)

17

The Future of Nursing:
Campaign for Action Video

International Council of Nurses (ICN)
Federation of over 130 national nurses, representing more than 16 million nurses worldwide
Working to ensure quality nursing care for all
Sound health policies globally
Advancement of nursing knowledge
Presence worldwide of a respected nursing profession
Competent and satisfied nursing workforce

19

Tribute to Nurses Through Time Video

https://youtu.be/kCaLQKfLGbo

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