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1. lookthrough the outline First! Introduction  Do you have a hook?  Do you state the title and author of your story in the first one or two sentences? Is the title of the novel italicized?  Do you give a 2-4 sentence summary of the story?  Is your thesis at the end of your introduction? Body Paragraphs  Does each body paragraph only discuss one main point?  Does each body paragraph have a topic sentence?  Does each topic sentence have enough support?  Did you use quotation sandwiches in each paragraph?  Are all direct quotes from the story correctly written and in quotation marks? Did you include the page numbers? (Remember, Ondaatje belongs in the parenthetical citation not the name of the character who uttered the quote.) Are all quotes explained in your own words? Commentary! (Use top and bottom buns, I will be looking specifically for sandwiched quotes.) Does each body paragraph relate to the thesis?  Do you have transitions between body paragraphs that make them flow smoothly together?Conclusion  Do you reflect on your thesis?  Do you summarize your main points?  Does your paper tie up all loose ends?Lastly Do you talk about the story in the literary present tense?  Is the essay in third person? (No: I, me, my, mine, in my opinion, I think, I feel, you)  Are you focused on your thesis, not on giving a summary of the story?  Is your essay in the correct MLA format? Quick Overview of a Literary Analysis EssayThe analysis essay will consist of an Introduction paragraph that will contain the Thesis. This is followed by the Body of the Essay which starts with a paragraph that briefly summarizes the work, and then continues with a series of paragraphs that prove each part of the thesis using analysis of literary elements. The last part of the essay is the Conclusion. The essay is laid out like this:I. The Introduction, leading to the Thesis.II. The Body of the Essay, starting with a brief summation paragraph, then multiple paragraphs proving the thesis, part X, (using symbol, setting, character, etc) more paragraphs proving the thesis, part Y, (using symbol, setting, character, etc) more paragraphs proving the thesis, part Z, (using symbol, setting, character, etc).III. The Conclusion.
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Quick Outline Guide for a Literary Analysis Essay (step 1): Clarify Your Thoughts about the Work
1.
Your Name: ____________________________________________
2.
Name the Literary Work to be analyzed: The English Patient
3.
Who is the Author of the Work?
4.
State relevant Biographical information about the author: (COPY AND PASTE from assignment
10-2 with citations)
5.
What is the Type of Work? Novel
6.
What is the Genre of the Work?
7.
Identify when and where the work was first published:
8.
What significant Historic Events were occurring at this time?
9.
Does the work reflect a Literary Movement?
Historiographic metafiction
1992, Canada
Postmodernism
10. Briefly summarize the main Plot (actions/events) of the Work:
11.
State the overall Tone of the Work:
__________________________________
12.
Does the Tone shift? (if so, when or at what event)
13.
When does the story take place? ___________________________
14.
Identify at least three settings (including those from flashbacks) and their meanings:
setting ___________________________
meaning: _______________________
setting ___________________________
meaning: _______________________
setting ___________________________
meaning: _______________________
15. List nine Characters and the role, function, or symbolic value of each:
name ___________________________
role:
_________________________
name ___________________________
role:
_________________________
name ___________________________
role:
_________________________
name ___________________________
role:
_________________________
name ___________________________ role: _________________________
name ____________________________
role: ___________________________
name: ____________________________ role: ____________________________
name: ____________________________ role: ____________________________
name: ____________________________ role: ___________________________
16.
16. List as many symbols as you can and their meanings:
symbol __________________________ meaning: ______________________
symbol __________________________ meaning: ______________________
symbol __________________________ meaning: ______________________
symbol __________________________ meaning: ______________________
symbol __________________________ meaning: ______________________
17.
18.
What use of Figurative Language is notable:
_________________________________
(simile, metaphor, personification
_______________________________________
alliteration, anaphora, assonance
_______________________________________
irony, hyperbole, understatement)
_______________________________________
List in MLA format the Works Cited entries from any Research Sources that will be used:
19.
List in MLA format any previous Book Reviews (not a site like SparkNotes or GradeSaver) of the
work or Literary Criticisms that will be used:
20.
To what other works (something you have previously read or viewed) can this book be compared?
21.
Complete the following process (STEPS A and B) to develop the essay’s thesis by filling in the
blanks:
** The structure of a literary thesis is: ____X______ leads to/causes ___ Y_____because ___Z____.
The thesis is the lesson a work teaches its audience. Use the concepts you listed above to create a
thesis. In other words, fill in the blanks with the concepts.
STEP A:
(X)
_____________________________________________________
leads to or/ causes (Y) ________________________________________
because (Z) ________________________________________________.
STEP B: Polish the Thesis to correct sentence level errors:
22. Title of the Analysis Essay – (make the title interesting!!!):
23. Introduction.
The introduction in a literary analysis essay should interest the reader and lead to the thesis of the essay.
Use the introduction to place the work in its historical context; explain why a specific mode of literary
criticism is appropriate for interpreting the work; suggest why a certain literary element (such as
character, setting, symbol) is the key to understanding the work; or explain the importance of the theme
of the work or why the theme is unusual. (Remember to use the “literary present tense” when referring
to events in a work of art. See the class home page for links to using the literary present tense.)
24. Overview Paragraph (use info identified earlier in this outline):
1) State the Work’s specifics: its form (story, novel, poem, play),
title,________________________________
2) author, and date of publication. ________________________________
3) Country in which it was first published ________________________________
or the author’s nationality.
________________________________
4) Briefly summarize the main Plot (the actions or events) of the Work, remembering to use the
Literary Present Tense. Art is considered perpetual (on-going) so refer to the events in the Work
as if they are happening now.
(**Use Common Sense. For instance, if the date of publication was given in the introduction, do not
repeat the same information unnecessarily in the first main paragraph.)
25. Character Analysis: Make a Detailed Outline of a Main Paragraph analyzing one of the characters in
the novel.
Main Paragraph # ______
a) Part of the Thesis (x, y, z) to be proven: _____________________________________
b) Describe the character by explaining who the character I, what he/she does, his/her personality.
________________________________
c) Supporting Sentences – Use specific evidence from the Work, such as examples or quotes to
support or illustrate the character analysis.
________________________________
d) Provide More Evidence.
e) Explain the reasons for the character’s personality, or analyze elements associated with the
character.
________________________________
f) Supporting Sentences – Evidence. Use specific evidence from the Work, such as examples or
quotes to support or illustrate the main point. ________________________________
g) Reconnect to the Thesis. Clearly show how the character relates to the essay’s thesis.
26. More Character Analysis: Choose another character (continue this process for as many character
analyses as are required depending on the nature of your thesis statement)
Character Analysis: Make a Detailed Outline of a Main Paragraph analyzing one of the characters in the
novel.
Main Paragraph # ______
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
Part of the Thesis (x, y, z) to be proven: _____________________________________
Ease the reader into the paragraph with a transitional sentence. _____________________
Topic Sentence. State the Main Point of this paragraph. ________________________________
Additional Information or clarification. ________________________________
Describe the character by explaining who the character I, what he/she does, his/her personality.
________________________________
f) Supporting Sentences – Use specific evidence from the Work, such as examples or quotes to
support or illustrate the character analysis.
________________________________
g) Provide More Evidence.
h) Explain the reasons for the character’s personality, or analyze elements associated with the
character.
________________________________
i)
j)
Supporting Sentences – Evidence. Use specific evidence from the Work, such as examples or
quotes to support or illustrate the main point. ________________________________
Reconnect to the Thesis. Clearly show how the character relates to the essay’s thesis.
27. Setting Analysis
Main Paragraph # ______
a) Part of the Thesis (x, y, z) to be proven: _____________________________________
b) Ease the reader into the paragraph with a transitional sentence.
________________________________
c) Topic Sentence. State the Main Point of this paragraph. ________________________________
d) Additional Information or clarification. ________________________________
e) Explain the setting (the when and where) of the work; what is it associated with, or state if the
setting symbolic.
________________________________
f) Supporting Sentences – Evidence. Use specific evidence from the Work such as examples or
quotes to describe the setting. ________________________________
g) Provide More Evidence. Discuss another setting or deepen the analysis; is the setting unusual?
________________________________
h) Supporting Sentences – Evidence. Use specific evidence from the Work such as examples or
quotes to support or illustrate the main point. ________________________________
i) Reconnect to the Thesis. Clearly show how these settings relate to or support (prove) the essay’s
thesis.
28. Symbol Analysis: Make a Detailed Outline of a Main Paragraph analyzing Symbols in the
Main Paragraph # ______
a) Part of the Thesis (x, y, z) to be proven: _____________________________________
b) Element, analysis, or method of development: Symbols
c) Ease the reader into the paragraph with a transitional sentence.
________________________________
d) Topic Sentence. State the Main Point of this paragraph.
e) Additional Information or clarification. ________________________________
f) Discuss one of the symbols in the Work: explain it and what it stands for.
g) Supporting Sentences – Evidence. Use specific evidence from the Work, such as examples or
quotes to describe the symbol.
h) Provide More Evidence. Discuss another symbol or deepen the analysis.
i)
j)
Supporting Sentences – Evidence. Use specific evidence from the Work, such as examples or
quotes to support or illustrate the main point. ________________________________
Reconnect to the Thesis. Clearly show how these symbols relate to or support (prove) the
essay’s thesis. ________________________________
29. Additional Analysis: Make a Detailed Outline of additional body paragraphs analyzing “Other
Elements” (see below for options in elements) in the
Main Paragraph # ______
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
Part of the Thesis (x, y, z) to be proven: _____________________________________
Transition sentence
Topic Sentence. State the Main Point of this paragraph. ________________________________
Additional Information or clarification. ________________________________
Discuss an approach to analyzing the work or some other element found in the work.
Supporting Sentences – Evidence. Use specific evidence from the Work, such as examples or
quotes to support or illustrate the main point. ________________________________
g) Provide More Evidence. Deepen the analysis; or explain why the element is relevant to the
analysis.
h) Reconnect to the Thesis. Clearly show how these elements relate to or support (prove) the
essay’s thesis. ________________________________
**NOTE: The body of a literary analysis essay must prove each part of the thesis. To do this, it must
develop its analysis using specific examples from the story and literary elements. These elements can
include an examination of a specific critical approach to the work such as historical, social, cultural,
biographical, or Marxist analysis. Other elements can examine point of view, or the narrator’s persona.
Elements to bring into Analysis and Discussion:
point of view
tone
writing style
genre literary movements
biographical
literary criticism
social / cultural historical
figurative language
30. Conclusion: Make a Detailed Outline of the Conclusion. Conclusions should give the essay a satisfying
feeling of wholeness and echo the Thesis. Do not restate the thesis word for word, but do try to
rephrase the major concepts of the thesis.
a) Broader Statements. To ease the reader out of the essay, answer any remaining questions, refute
other critics’ interpretations, describe the public reaction to the work when it was first published,
explain the Work’s current popularity, or revisit an idea from the introduction.
b) The conclusion should not simply restate the essay’s thesis. Instead, use the conclusion to expand on
the thesis: answer any lingering questions brought up in the essay; briefly discuss or refute other critics’
interpretations of the work; explain the social or historical effect that the work had; suggest the work’s
current relevance, popularity, or lack of popularity; or refer back to an interesting point that was
mentioned in the introduction.
Next week, you will transform this into the final version of Paper 3.
As you will have realized by now, the analysis essay will consist of an Introduction paragraph that will
contain the Thesis. This is followed by the Body of the Essay, which starts with a paragraph that briefly
summarizes the work and, then, continues with a series of paragraphs that prove each part of the thesis
using analysis of literary elements. The last part of the essay is the Conclusion. The essay is laid out like
this:
I.
II.
III.
The Introduction, leading to the Thesis.
The Body of the Essay, starting with a brief summation paragraph, then more paragraphs
proving the thesis, part X, (using symbol, setting, character, etc) more paragraphs proving
the thesis, part Y, (using symbol, setting, character, etc) more paragraphs proving the thesis,
part Z, (using symbol, setting, character, etc).
The Conclusion.
Adapted from Stallins 2007

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