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1000 words persuasive essay based on outline ( stick to outline please )the attached document will include clear and specific map/outline of the structure needed.
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NAME: Alkeande Ahmed Al Mazrouei
Section: GEN-154-903
ID: 201709133
TOPIC: COFFEE
THESIS:
Coffee consumption in children and adolescence should be monitored and controlled due to the over consumption of caffeine and its behavioral and nonbehavior effects, and effects on sleep, and health.
Introduction
Introduction
Idea 1

Idea 2

Come up with a catchy introduction line that talks about coffee consumption in the targeted
population
I’ll briefly talk about the main issues in a way that will give the reader a brief idea of what issues/
aspects the paper will be including.
Supporting Section 1
• Over consumption of caffeine in children and adolescence
Ideas
Sources
(Turton, Piché, & Battram, 2016)
Idea 1
• Adolescence are justifying caffeine intake
by use
“Adolescents also identified reasons for caffeine use, including
providing energy, taste, accessibility, and image enhancement.
Influences for caffeine use most noted by participants included
parental role modeling, media and advertising, and social norms.”
Idea 2

Adolescents are over consuming caffeine
on daily bases.
Link to abstract
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1499404615007769
(Brazier, 2016)
“Findings showed that 44.6% of respondents drank caffeinated
beverages one to six times per week, 11.4% consumed a caffeinated
beverage every day, and only 4.8% never consumed drinks containing
caffeine.”
Idea 3

What is considered safe dose of caffeine
for children and adolescents
Link to article:
https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/307526.php
(Brazier, 2016)
“Prior studies show that many adolescents are consuming 60-800
mg per day. The Mayo Clinic suggest a maximum of 100 mg a day
for adolescents and none for younger children.”
Idea 4

the accessibility of caffeinated drinks to
children and adolescents
(Brazier, 2016)
“Caffeine is a drug: a readily available, widely used, legally accessible
and socially acceptable psychoactive substance. Anyone, of any age,
can use it, and its popularity is growing, especially among young
people”
Idea 5

caffeine, trend, media, and social
acceptability.
(Pearce, 2016)
“If you’re not a coffee drinker, you’re likely completely lost, but for those
of us who live by the bean, it’s the language of love, caffeine love.”
Link to article:
https://www.mdedge.com/pediatrics/article/106069/endocrinology/starbucksgeneration
Supporting Section 2
• the behavioral and non-behavioral effects of caffeine
Ideas
Idea 1
• high caffeine intake as a risk factor
Idea 2

the effects of caffeine on sleep
Idea 3

the effects of caffeine on stress levels
Idea 4

the effects of caffeine on depression
Idea 5

risk taking behavior and impulsivity
Sources
(Richards & Smith, 2015)
“The study also identified very high caffeine intake (>1000 mg/w) to be
a risk factor associated with anxiety and depression, although effects
were sometimes detected at lower doses.”
Link to article:
https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0269881115612404
(Watson, Banks, Coates, & Kohler, 2017)
In 8- to 12-year-olds the primary sources of caffeine are coffee/tea and sodas.
Overall mean caffeine consumption is small by adult standards but has an
effect on behavior and sleep in children. The effect on behavior is mediated by
disrupted sleep, indicating that caffeine is a contributor to sleep problems and
related behavior in children.
Link to article:
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5359329/
(Richards & Smith, 2015)
“Negative effects of caffeine on stress and mental health have also been
observed. Gilliland and Andress (1981), for instance, reported higher anxiety
levels in moderate and high caffeine consumers compared with abstainers in a
student sample”
(Jin, et al., 2016)
“Caffeine intake was positively associated with the severity of depression and
the severity of insomnia among adolescents in Korean.”
Link to article:
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4826990/
(Casselbury, 2019)
“Teens aren’t necessarily known for making smart decisions,
but regular caffeine consumption – equaling around 220
milligrams a day — could increase their risk-taking behavior, as
well as increase impulsivity, reports the National Council on
Strength and Fitness.”
Link to article:
https://www.livestrong.com/article/498467-is-coffee-healthy-for-teens/
Supporting Section 3
• the effects of caffeine on children and adolescent’s health
Ideas
Sources
(Rettew, 2019)
Idea 1
• the cardiovascular effects of excessive
“These can include both behavioral and non-behavioral changes such as
caffeine consumption
agitation or irritability, anxiety, heart arrhythmias, and hypertension.”
Link to article:
https://www.mdedge.com/pediatrics/article/192652/mental-health/considercaffeine-effects-children-and-adolescents
Idea 2

caffeine addiction and withdrawal
Idea 3

caffeine and brain development
Idea 4

the effect of caffeine on bone health
Idea 5

children consumption of coffee and oral
health
(Temple, 2009)
“Withdrawal from caffeine also produced similar effects in a subset of
adolescent caffeine users as are seen in some adults, such as headache,
drowsiness, and fatigue (Bernstein et al., 2002; Hale et al., 1995). “
link to article:
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2699625/
(Temple, 2009)
“The areas of the brain that are still developing during adolescence include the
orbitofrontal cortex and the temporal lobe (Giedd, 1999; Sowell et al., 1999).
These are areas that contain adenosine receptors and therefore have the
potential to be modified by caffeine (Svenningsson et al., 1997).”
(Morin, 2019)
“Caffeine may also cause the body to lose calcium. Consuming too much
caffeine could lead to bone loss over time. Drinking soda or energy drinks
instead of milk may also place a teen at a higher risk of developing
osteoporosis.”
Link to article:
https://www.verywellhealth.com/effects-of-caffeine-on-teenagers-4126761
(Smith, 2014)
“Coffee is acidic and can cause cavities and a decrease in tooth enamel. It
can take years for new enamel to harden once adult teeth have come in
and children that drink coffee are more likely to experience oral health
issues as a result.”
Link to article:
https://www.foodsafety.com.au/blog/is-it-safe-for-children-to-drink-coffee
Conclusion
Conclusion
Idea 1

I’ll sum up the info given in a very brief way
Idea 2

I’ll give my opining on the thesis, and experience if possible.
Bibliography
Brazier, Y. (2016, March 8). Adolescents drink to much caffaine. Retrieved from MEDICAL NEWS TODAY:
https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/307526.php
Casselbury, K. (2019, March 25). Is Coffee Healthy for Teens? Retrieved from https://www.livestrong.com/article/498467-is-coffee-healthy-forteens/
Jin, M.-J., Yoon, C.-H., Ko, H.-J., Kim, H.-M., Kim, A.-S., Moon, H.-N., & Jung, S.-P. (2016). The Relationship of Caffeine Intake with Depression, Anxiety,
Stress, and Sleep in Korean Adolescents. Korean Journal of Family Medicine, 37(2), 111.
Morin, A. (2019, March 15). Should You Let Your Teenager Drink Coffee and Energy Drinks? Retrieved from Very Well Health:
https://www.verywellhealth.com/effects-of-caffeine-on-teenagers-4126761
Pearce, F. (2016, January 27). The Starbucks generation. Retrieved from MDedge Pediatrics:
https://www.mdedge.com/pediatrics/article/106069/endocrinology/starbucks-generation
Rettew, D. C. (2019, January 18). Consider caffeine effects on children and adolescents. Retrieved from
https://www.mdedge.com/pediatrics/article/192652/mental-health/consider-caffeine-effects-children-and-adolescents
Richards, G., & Smith, A. (2015). Caffeine consumption and self-assessed stress, anxiety, and depression in secondary school children. Journal of
Psychopharmacology, 29(12), 1236-1247.
Smith, G. (2014, July 2014). Is it Safe for Children to Drink Coffee? Retrieved from Australian Institute of Food Safety:
https://www.foodsafety.com.au/blog/is-it-safe-for-children-to-drink-coffee
Temple, J. L. (2009). Caffeine use in children: What we know, what we have left to learn, and why we should worry. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral
Reviews, 33(6), 793-806.
Turton, P., Piché, L., & Battram, D. S. (2016). Adolescent Attitudes and Beliefs Regarding Caffeine and the Consumption of Caffeinated Beverages.
Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 48(3).
Watson, E. J., Banks, S., Coates, A. M., & Kohler, M. J. (2017). The Relationship Between Caffeine, Sleep, and Behavior in Children. Journal of Clinical
Sleep Medicine, 13(4), 533-543.
GEN 145 – Persuasive Essay Outline
Student Name: _______________________
A) Planning the rhetorical situation:
1. Identification of the commodity
a. What is the information you want the readers to learn about this commodity?
b. What is the impact of this commodity on the environment and/or society?
a. I want the readers to be informed about the facts and effects of coffee
consumption in adolescents and children
b. This particular population are the building blocks of our future, so anything
concerning the children and adolescents, will eventually effect the
environment and/or society.
2. Identification of the audience
a. Whom do you want to persuade?
b. Consider the age, gender, language, culture, religion, level of education,
economic class, geographic location, and/or other circumstances of your
audience.
c. Is this audience hostile, sympathetic and/or neutral to your message? Why?
a. I want to persuade the adolescents, parents, young adults, and decision
holders when it comes to coffee consumption and its regulation.
b. Variety (geographic location/ UAE and the GCC)
c.
– adolescents: hostile, because of their age group
tendencies
– parents: could be all three, because
1. some parents might not want deal with the adverse
effect (hostile)
2. some parents might be interested and support the
case (sympathetic)
3. some might be indifferent
– decision holders
1. hostile: adverse effect might cause them to lose a lot
of money and that is not in their interest
2. sympathetic: support the case because they have
the populations best interest in mind
3. neutral: the discussion might not affect them in a
negative way and it is not of their interest.
GEN 145 – Persuasive Essay Outline
Student Name: _______________________
3. Purpose
a. What is your argument and position?
b. What is the message you want to convey to this audience?
c. Why do you wish to convey this message? What do you hope will be achieved?
a. That adolescents and children’s consumption of coffee should be
monitored and controlled, eventually regulated. My position on this
argument is a supported one.
b. The seriousness of the issue and its adverse effects when it comes to the
benefit and interest of our future generations.
c. I wish to convey this message because of the increase of the consumption
due to the coffee phenomena and its seriousness
4. Strategy
a. How do you plan to affect your audience emotionally?
b. How do you plan to appeal to your audience’s sense of logic?
c. Do you plan to use ethos? How?
a. Make it hit close to home and face them with undeniable facts
b. Again face them with facts and maybe possible solutions. Use logic.
c. We could use the leading brand COSTA and Starbucks as an example,
where COSTA is starting to allow their employees to deny any consumers
under the age of 16 any beverages with caffeine, and on the other hand;
Starbucks is considering to include children in their marketing targets.
GEN 145 – Persuasive Essay Outline
Student Name: _______________________
5. Research
a. List of academic sources that will inform your argument
b. List of references in APA style
a.

Journal of Psychopharmacology
Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Korean Journal of Family Medicine
Bibliography
Brazier, Y. (2016, March 8). Adolescents drink to much caffaine. Retrieved from MEDICAL
NEWS TODAY: https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/307526.php
Casselbury, K. (2019, March 25). Is Coffee Healthy for Teens? Retrieved from
https://www.livestrong.com/article/498467-is-coffee-healthy-for-teens/
Jin, M.-J., Yoon, C.-H., Ko, H.-J., Kim, H.-M., Kim, A.-S., Moon, H.-N., & Jung, S.-P. (2016). The
Relationship of Caffeine Intake with Depression, Anxiety, Stress, and Sleep in
Korean Adolescents. Korean Journal of Family Medicine, 37(2), 111.
Morin, A. (2019, March 15). Should You Let Your Teenager Drink Coffee and Energy Drinks?
Retrieved from Very Well Health: https://www.verywellhealth.com/effects-ofcaffeine-on-teenagers-4126761
Pearce, F. (2016, January 27). The Starbucks generation. Retrieved from MDedge
Pediatrics:
https://www.mdedge.com/pediatrics/article/106069/endocrinology/starbucksgeneration
Rettew, D. C. (2019, January 18). Consider caffeine effects on children and adolescents.
Retrieved from https://www.mdedge.com/pediatrics/article/192652/mentalhealth/consider-caffeine-effects-children-and-adolescents
Richards, G., & Smith, A. (2015). Caffeine consumption and self-assessed stress, anxiety,
and depression in secondary school children. Journal of Psychopharmacology,
29(12), 1236-1247.
Smith, G. (2014, July 2014). Is it Safe for Children to Drink Coffee? Retrieved from
Australian Institute of Food Safety: https://www.foodsafety.com.au/blog/is-itsafe-for-children-to-drink-coffee
Temple, J. L. (2009). Caffeine use in children: What we know, what we have left to learn,
and why we should worry. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 33(6), 793-806.
Turton, P., Piché, L., & Battram, D. S. (2016). Adolescent Attitudes and Beliefs Regarding
Caffeine and the Consumption of Caffeinated Beverages. Journal of Nutrition
Education and Behavior, 48(3).
Watson, E. J., Banks, S., Coates, A. M., & Kohler, M. J. (2017). The Relationship Between
Caffeine, Sleep, and Behavior in Children. Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine, 13(4),
533-543.

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