1.Topics selected should fall within a brief time span (e.g. 1820-1850; or last several decades of the 19thcentury; or first few decades of the 20thcentury). 2.Overall timeframe for the project: 1800-present. 3.Your paper should include a minimum of 3 primary sources and 2 secondary sources. 4.Topic statement should include the population, geographic location, activity or event and timeframe. You may also include a brief statement of why you chose this topic.5.Length: 8-10 pgs. 10 pages maximum.No cover page needed. Use historical footnote/endnote style. See Journal of Sport History for model and guidelines on iLearn. Upload to iLearn prior to due date using the following format: Last Name__First Name__Kin 489_Sp1Approaching your paper:1.Read as many primary and secondary sources as possible.2.Gain a broad understanding of the context of your topic, the involvement of some important individuals, any relevant dates (e.g. beginning of the event or activity), and a general idea of the trajectory of the topic.3.Narrow down your topic by writing stating the topic question or objective of the paper.4.Identify 2-3 main points that support your “historical argument”. Collect examples from your primary sources as evidence to support your claims. Describe “what” happened, but then focus your paper on the analytical questions: Why did this happen? What influenced it to happen? Why did the issue arise at that particular time? Etc. Structure of the paper: I.IntroductionA.What’s the purpose of the paper? B.What is the general context in which your paper is situated?C.What are the main themes you’ll be arguing in your paper?II.Theme 1A.How does this idea/issue/point support your overall discussion?B.What are the supporting examples from the primary sources?C.Tie your evidence to your main question.III.Theme 2 A.How does this idea/issue/point support your overall discussion?B.What are the supporting examples from the primary sources?C.Tie your evidence to your main question.IV.Theme 3V.Conclusions/Implications Discuss what you discovered. Explain any implications for the field.*IMPORTANT PLEASE READ*Professor said to break this paper into two main topic first is how major league baseball developed and then what led to the development of the negro league baseball. They want to focus less on history but how baseball got started and what was the main cause for the development of the negro league baseball. *Also footnote are also require for this essay*
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San Francisco State University
Department of Kinesiology
Instructor: S. Zieff
Spring 2019 – Study Guide for Test #1
TEST #1 WILL FOCUS ON EVERYTHING FROM THE FIRST DAY OF CLASS
THROUGH (AND INCLUDING) ANTE-BELLUM HEALTH REFORMS AND
THE RISE OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION. POST-BELLUM ISSUES WILL BE ON
Code of chivalry
panem et circenses
1. What were the goals of physical training and athletics according to the ancient
2. Define “arete” and discuss its importance in the lives of the Greek aristocrats.
3. Discuss the role of social class in determining access to physical activity and
training in each time period we have studied.
4. Briefly describe a typical Olympic festival in the 5th century B.C.E.
5. Compare and contrast the role of physical training in the lives of a Greek
aristocrat and an athletic “specialist.” Describe the shifts from 7th c. B.C. E. to the
5th c. B.C.E.
6. Discuss the Greek concept of “hygiene.” What was expected of a typical
7. Examine the role of the physician in Greek life. Compare his philosophies with
those of the physical trainers.
8. Briefly describe the lives of girls and women in ancient Greece.
9. Describe and examine the shift in Olympic philosophy from the 7th c. B.C. to the
5th c. B.C.
10. What are some main distinctions between Athens and Sparta in the 5th c. B.C.?
11. Describe life in ancient Rome.
12. Why did the Roman emperors develop the spectacles?
13. What led Juvenal to make his famous critique, “Panem et circenses”?
14. Describe the ancient Roman approach to hygiene.
15. Why would students of the history of physical education be reluctant to label the
medieval period, the Dark Ages?
16. Outline the knight’s training.
17. Compare the 7 knightly arts with the 7 liberal arts.
18. Describe the rise of sports in the Middle Ages.
19. What enabled significant advances in medicine and science to occur in the
20. Be able to discuss the following: scientific authority and Galenic authority. (Hint:
What was Vesalius’s biggest achievement?
21. What were the 19th century health reforms in the U.S.? What was the role of
exercise in these reforms?
22. Who were Dio Lewis, Kellogg, Graham and Beecher?
23. Describe the growth of the field of physical education in the ante-bellum.
Readings: be able to describe the “take home message” of the articles we read.
1. Spears, Betty. “A Perspective of the History of Women’s Sport in Ancient Greece
Journal of Sport History, 1984 Vol. 11 No. 2 p. 32-47.
2. Crowther, Nigel. “Athlete and State: Qualifying for the Olympic Games in Ancient
Greece.” Journal of Sport History, 1996 Vol. 23 No. 1 p. 34-43. 4.
3. Kyle, Donal d. “Animal Spectacles in Ancient Rome: Meat and Meaning.”
North American Society for Sport History. Proceedings and Newsletter, 1994 p. 5758.
4. Mouratidis, John. “Nero: The Artist, the Athlete and His Downfall.”
Journal of Sport History, 1985 Vol. 12 No.1 p. 5-20.
5. Henricks, Thomas S. “Sport and Social Hierarchy in Medieval England.”
Journal of Sport History, 1982 Vol. 9 No. 2 p. 20-37.
6. Chapter from Harvey Green, “Fit for America”
7. Hofmann, Lady Turners. Journal of Sport History.
Sample Footnote/Endnote Format:
Article from a periodical:
William H. Lewis, “Making a Football Team,” Outing 41 (1902): 221-229.
Roberta J. Park, “‘Of the Greatest Possible Worth’: The Research Quarterly in Historical
Contexts,” Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport 76, suppl. to 2, (2005): 5-26.
George W. Ehler, “Report on Football Fatalities among College Men, Season of 1911,”
American Physical Education Review 17 (1912): 169.
Article within an edited, published report:
“The Hygiene of Athletic Training,” in American College Athletics, eds. H.J. Savage et
al. (New York: The Carnegie Foundation for Teaching, 1929), 146.
Article from Conference Proceedings:
Howard J. Savage, “The Carnegie Foundation’s Study of American College AthleticsThree Years Later,” Proceedings of the Thirty-sixth Annual Meeting of the College
Physical Education Association, 1932, pp. 15-25.
S.E. Bilik, The New Trainers Bible, 6th rev. ed. (New York: Atsco Press, 1934), 157.
Jack Berryman, Out of Many One: A History of the American College of Sports
Medicine (Champaign, Ill.: Human Kinetics, 1995).;
Jack Berryman and Roberta J. Park, eds., Sport and Exercise Science: Essays in the
History of Sports Medicine (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1992).
WHEN YOU WANT TO USE A REFERENCE A 2ND OR 3RD TIME:
1st FULL Reference
2nd Use short form
3rd Use Ibid when directly after 2nd use. Once you start with 2nd use (short form),
continue with short form.
Mike O’Shea, History of National Athletic Trainers Association (Greenville, N.C.:
National Athletic Trainers Association, 1980)
O’Shea, History of the NATA, 22.
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