1) Read prompt attached below2) 5-6 pages3) Mla 8 works citied4) Choose 3/6 texts and respond to the claims each writer makes. Then, you will need to position yourself within their argument and claims. Where do you fit in? How do you relate? How does your experience with writing connect to what they are claiming? Do you identify with any of the evidence they use? How can the writer’s experience help inform you of what you can do with your writing moving forward? 5) “Project 4 Writing Reflection” (attached below) needs to be done as well while ur writing the essay. the rest are just the 6 texts. Intro: strong hook, background context on your experience with writing, introduce authors & texts, road map of your essay, thesis Body (within each body paragraph): provide an account of an author’s central argument and their position in terms of how they view writing and/or the writing process describe some of the claims the author uses, provide interpretation and analysis of how these claims work, and explain the impact of these decisions in relation to the author’s purpose draw connections between the claims or evidence used to your own experience with writing evaluate how effectively or ineffectively the author’s claims/evidence/or rhetorical strategies work based on your past or future writing goals Conclusion: offer a conclusion that is not merely repetitive, but instead offers insight into the significance of your writing process; how you will use writing moving forward; what potential writing you may do in your career, etc.
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Goldman Sachs CEO reveals
the valuable job skill he’s
finding ‘less and less’
2 mins read
oldman Sachs (GS) CEO David Solomon said the one skillset
that’s becoming harder to find is the ability to write.
“I’ll tell you one that we’re finding less and less inside the firm that I
think is an important skill set, but actually we find it from students
that come from Hamilton or other liberal arts backgrounds, is an
ability to write,” Solomon said during a panel in response to a
question from Yahoo Finance about the hardest skill to hire for today.
This week, Solomon and former Legendary Entertainment CEO
Thomas Tull, now the founder of investment firm Tulco, returned to
their alma mater, Hamilton College, to talk to students about
technology, innovation, and entrepreneurship.
Solomon is a big advocate for a liberal arts education, especially when
it comes to critical thinking and problem solving, though he
recognized that it’s not the path for everyone.
Hamilton’s curriculum emphasizes communication, both public
speaking and writing. These skills had a profound impact on
“How you communicate with other people, how you interact with
other people, how you express yourself will have a huge impact on
your success. And, when I try to point to things that have helped me,
my ability to communicate, which was rooted in a lot of experience
that I got here on the hill,” Solomon told a group of students at the
college’s career center earlier in the day.
Academics and I.Q. are way overweighted
Solomon, who is six months into his tenure as CEO of Goldman, also
explained that success isn’t about intelligence, but rather how you
relate to others.
“The other thing I’d point to that’s so important is there is a real
emphasis when people are interviewing around academics and I.Q. I
think it’s way overweighted,” Solomon told the students. “There
should be equal emphasis on E.Q. and how you interact with people,
how you relate to people, and how you connect with people.
“And even in a world where more and more machines and technology
are disrupting the way we do business and the way we all connect, a
lot of the value is still created through human interaction and the
ability to motivate people or get people to move in a direction with
you. All of those are things in my experience here that had a
meaningful impact on me and helped me along the way.”
People walk Goldman Sach’s New York headquarters in
New York City. Goldman Sachs Group Inc. (Photo by
Spencer Platt/Getty Images)
During the evening panel discussion, Tull also weighed in on the
hardest skill set to find, explaining that a lot of people aren’t
interested in staying in one place for a long time.
“I might say finding folks who are looking for longer-term
employment versus being transient, especially what we do. We put an
awful lot into [Tulco] Labs and so forth so if people are in and out
that’s harder to kind of build up a knowledge set,” Tull said.
Solomon agreed that a lot of young people are in a hurry and not
focused on the long-term.
“There’s a real benefit to being patient, a little more committed to
things,” Solomon said, “It’s a long, winding road. In my career, I got
some great advice a long time ago which was from my grandmother
which was, ‘Don’t be in a hurry.'”
Julia La Roche is a finance reporter at Yahoo Finance.
Follow her on Twitter.
Importance of Professional Writing
Skills in Business
Asif Anwar Follow
May 9, 2018 · 3 min read
Whether you are an owner of a corporate house or a manger, you must
have professional writing skills in order to convey your ideas and
suggestions properly. In each profession, there is writing work. If your
written content carries grammatical of factual errors, people will not
take your seriously. Professional writing skills help your peers,
colleagues or friends understand your message. In our world of social
media posting, texting, email communications, blogs and beyond,
good writing is essential to convey your points effectively.
Why to improve professional writing skills?
With time, the forms of writing have also changed. Blog writing is
completely different from news writing or press release writing. So,
people especially writers need to learn the different forms of writing.
Good writing skills are, therefore, valued in the workplace, and people
who are good writers appear to be more capable, intelligent,
responsible and credible. On the other hand, people who send emails
full of typos, poorly constructed sentences and grammatical errors are
not considered in the time of promotions and hikes.
You may Also Like: How to Improve Writing Skills
Professional writing skills ensure strong online presence
In this digitalized era, business houses need strong content marketing
strategy to get their brand recognized in the market. Online presence
works as one of the most important tools for marketing and lead
generation. Therefore, every corporate house needs a strong web
presence and excellent written marketing strategy.
How to improve your writing skills
You cannot improve your writing skills in a day, but a consistent effort
will help you to improve your writing skills day by day. While writing,
keep below points in mind.
While writing, you must be clear what you want to convey and use
easy and simple words. Effective writing consists of words that are
clear, easy to understand and accessible to the audience. If you use
tough language, people will avoid reading your content.
Try to convey your message in minimum words. You are not writing to
show your writing skills, in fact you are writing to pass the required
information to others. So, try to use minimum words as people are too
busy to wade through paragraphs to reach the important points. Make
your content scannable by using bullet points, heading and subheadings.
Professional writing means convey your ideas directly. Confusing
contents will not only disliked, but also mar your reputation among
your clients, colleagues and partner companies. Many people read a
few starting lines to take action whether to complete it or not.
Get it touch with editors
Grammatical and factual errors not only mar your reputation, but also
not read by the readers. Try to get the content edited by editor in order
to find out and rectify grammatical errors. Google also does not like
grammatically incorrect content. You can hire content editing services
to remove factual and grammatical errors.
Professional writing skills in business are mandatory, so you need to
learn the elements of professional writing. Professional writing is
completely different from ordinary writing, so you need to brush up
your writing skills. Polished writing skills not only help you get
generate leads, but also improve credibility.
If you need SEO content writing services, food writing, content editing
services, etc. among others do contact us. We have professionals, so
there is guarantee of quality and timely delivery of projects.
few moments to say a few things about who he is and where he is from. Finally
it is the turn of this incredibly intense, angry guy nrimed Francis. “My name
is Francis,” he says. “No one calls me Francis-anyone here calls me Francis
and I’ll kill them. And another thing, I don’t like to be touched. Anyone
here ever tries to touch me, I’ll kill them,”at which point Warren Oates jumps
i n and says, “Hey-lighten up, Francis,”
This is not a bad line to have taped to the wall of y o u r office.
Say toyourself in the kindest possible way, Look, honey, all we’re going
to do for now is t o write a description of ihe river at sunrise, or the young
child swimming in the pool at the club, or the f r s t time the man sees the woman
he will marry.That is all we are going to do for now. We are just going to take
this bird by bird. But we are going to finish this one short assignment,
Shitty First Drajs
Now, practically even better news than that of short assignments is t h e idea
of shitty first drafts. All good writers write them. This is how rhey end up
w i t h good second drafts and terrific third drafts. People tend to look at suc
cessful writers, writers who are getting their books published and maybe
even doing well financially. and think that they sit down a t their desks every
morning feeling like a million dollars, feeling great about who they are ani1
how m u c h d e n t they have and what a great story they have to tell; that they
take in a few deep breaths, push back their sleeves, roll their necks a few
times to get all the cricks out, and dive in, typing fully formed p a s s y c s as
[ast as a court reporter. But this is just t h e fantasy of t h e uninitiated. I know
some very great writers, writers you love who write beautifully and have
made a great deal of money, and not ant of them sits down routinely feeling
wildly enthusiastic and confident. Not one of them writes elegant first drafrs.
All right, one of them does, but we d o not like her very much. We do not
think that she has a rich inner life or that Cod likes her or can even stand
her. (Although when I mentioned this to my priest friend Tom, he said you
can safely assume you’ve created Cod in your own image when it turns out
that God hates all the same people you do.)
Very few writers really know what they are doing until they’ve dofie
it. Nor do they go about their business’ feeling dewy and thrilled. They do
not type a few stiff warm-up sentences and then find themselves bounding
along like huskies across the snow. O n e writer I know teJ1s me that he sits
down every morning and says to himself nicely, “It’s not like you don’t have
a choice, because you do-you can either type or kill yourself.“ We all often
feel like we are pulling teeth, even those writers whose prose ends up being
the most natural and fluid. The right words and sentences just do nor come
pouring out like ticker tape most of the time, Now, Muriel Spark is said to
.have felt that she was taking dictation from God every morning-sitting
there, one supposes, plugged into a Dictaphone,
typing away, humming, But
this is a very hostile and aggressive position. O n e might hope for bad things
t o .rain down on a person like this.
For me and most of the other writers I know, writing is not rapturous.
I n fact, the only way 1 can get anything written at all is to write really, really
shitty first drafts.
The first draft is the child’s draft, where you let it all pour out and then
e t i t romp,all over the place, knowing that no one is going to see i t and
thar you can shape it later. You just let this childlike part of you channel
whatever voices and visions come through and onto the page. If one of the
characters wants to say, “Well, so what, Mr. Poopy Pan.ts?,”you
N o one is going to see i t . i f the kid wants to get into really senttmental,
wrepy, emotional territory, you let him. J u s t get it all down on paper, because
there tniiy be something great in those six crazy pages that you would never
have gotten to by more rational, grown-up means. There may be some.
thing in t h e very last line of the very last paragraph on page six that you
jus t love, thar is so beautiful or wild that you now know what you’re sup
posed to be writing about, more or less, or in what direction you might gob u t there was no way to get to this without first getting through the first
five and a half pages.’
I used to wr:te food reviews for Caf(hwrzh magazine before it folded, (My
writing food reviews had nothing to d o with the magazine folding, although
every single review did cause a couple of canceled subscriptions. Some read
er’s took umbrage at my comparing mouiids of vegetable puree with various
ex-presidents’ brains.) These reviews always took w o days to write. First
I’d go to J. restaurant several times with a few opinionated, articulate friends
I:? cow. I’d sit there writing down everything anyone said that was at all inter
e a i i n g o r Funny, T h e n on the following Monday l ‘ d sit down at my desk
with my notes, a n d try to write t h e review. Even a h e t I’d been doing this
To: yrdrs. panic would set i n . I’d try to write a lead, but instead I’d write a
CoLiplr OF dreadful sentences, x x them out, t r y again, x x everything out, and
t h e n t e e despair and worry settle on my chest like an x-ray apron. It’s over,
i d t!iiiik, c a l m l y . I ‘ m 1701 goii>gto b e able to get the m q i c to work this time.
i 111 riktnec!. !’in rhrough. I’m toast. Maybe, I’d think, I can get my old job
j;:ick .,.F (1 ilrrk-typist. Bur probahly nor. I’d ger up and study my teeth in
rile iii,rrui I’oI.,~while. Then I’d stop. reinembri. to breathe, make a few phone
calls, l h i t rhr kitchen and chow down. Eventually i’d go back and sit down
;I niy desk, and sigh i’or thc.next ten minutes. Finally I would pick u p my
ow-inch picture i’ranie, stare iilto i t as it’for the answer, and every time the
aiiswer would come: all 1 had ro do was to write a really shitty first draft of,
say, the opening paragraph. And no one was going to see it.
So I’d m r t writing without reining myself in, It was almost just typing,
j u s r making my fingers move. And the writing would be tcrriblr. I’d write a
lead paragraph that was a whole page, even though the entire review could
only be three pages long,and then I’d start writing u p descriptlons OF tl
food, one dish at a time, bird by bird, and the critics would be sitting on n
shoulders, commenting like cartoon characters. They’d be pretendlng to mot
or rolling their eyes at my overwrought descriptions, no matter bow hard
tried t o tone those descriptions down, no matter how consctous I wag of wh
a friend said to me gently in my early days of restaurant rewewing. “Annie
she said, “it is lust a piece of chkken. It is just a bit of cake.”
But because by then I had been writing for so long, I would event)
ally let myself trust the process-sort of, more o r less. I’d write a first dra
that was maybe twice as long as it should be, with a self-indulgent and bo
in5 beginning, stupefying descriptions of the meal, lots of quotes from
black-humored friends that made them sound more like the Manson gtr
than food lovers, and no ending to speak of. The whole thing would Le
long and incoherent and hideous that for the rest of the day I’d obsess ab01
getting creamed by a car before i could write a decent second draft, I’d won
that people would read what I’d written and believe that the accident hc
really been a suicide, that I had panicked because my talent was wanir
and my mind was shot.
The next day, though, I’d sit down, go through it all wth a colored pe
take out everything I possibly could, find a new lead somewhere on the se
ond page, figure out a kicky place to end it, and then write a second drai
It always turned out fine, sometimes even funny and weird and helpful i
go over it one more time and mail it in
Then, a month later, when i t was time for another revlew, the who
process woiild start again, complete with the fears that people would find rT
first draft before I could rewrite it
Almost all good writing begins wth terrible first efforts You qeed I
start somewhere. Start by getting something-anything-down on pape
A frlend of mine says that the first draft is the down draft-you J U S [ g e t
down. The second draft is the u p draft-you fix i t up. You try to Sdy WII
you have to say more accurately. And the third draft is the dental draft, whet
you check every tooth, to see if it’s loose o r cramped or decayed, or eve!
God help us, healthy,
What I’ve learned to d o when I sir down to worlc on a shitty first dra
is to quiet the voices in my head. First there’s the vinegar-llpped Redder Idad
who says primly, “Well, that> not very interesting, is i t ? ” And there L the em,
ciated German male who writes these Orwellian memos cletailing yo^
thought crimes, And there are y o u r parents, agonizing over your lack
loyalty and discretion; and there’s William Burroughs, dozing off or shoo
ing up because he h d s you as bold and articulate as a houseplant; and i
on. And there are also the dogs: let’s not forget the dogs, the dogs In the
pen who will surely hurtle and snarl their way out if you ever niop writin(
because writing is, for some of us, the latch that keeps the door of the pe
closed, keeps those crazy ravenous dogs contained,
A FORMER SAlLOR
University of South Carolina
Lurch is ossociote professor ond /)cot/
o f t h e EnRlish Departrnerrt ot / h e Utiiver
s l t y ofsoutli Carolino at Aiken, A t preserrt
she is also associate director o f the Sorrth
Corolina Humanities and Writirig Prograin, a project f u n d e d by the National
Endowment for the Humonifies. She
holds a Ph.D. in Renaissance literature
f r o m the University of Louisuille, where
she served os director of the writing clinic.
Lorcli 3 text Basic Writing: A Practical Ap
proach is i n its second edition; she hos 011
thored vorious articles o n composition
arid Ii/errr!ute; and she regulorly presen!s
pnpers ot notional a n d regionol c o t f e r
lVhat could Le /mproved? 1 had sixfeen year3 of almost solrd As
on wrltten work, and rhe smattering. of Bs I had rece/ved come,
l j i r r n l y held, froin my own lnaltenflon or dlsdaln for the task
a t hand or from the ignorance or anlmoslty of the knighted
irrdividual assigning the grade. How could one improw upon
perfect ion ?
I do not like to write, Most people to whom I reveal this small, personal
truth find i t exceedingly odd, suggesting by their expressions that I
ought either to repair my attitude or develop the discretion necessary
not to go around telling people about it, Apparently these people hear
my confession as an admission of fraud. Because my professional life
centers on the written w o r d – o n producing it, interpreting it, teaching
it, and teaching others to teach it, people assume that I should enjoy
writing. Not at all. I inevitably view the prospect of writing with a
mental set more commonly reserved for root canals and amputations:
If it must be done, i t must be done, but for Cod’s sake, let us put it off
as long ES possible,
It has not always been thus. It has, in fact, been very much un
thus. While I will not claim ever to hnve written eagerly, I once wrote
willingly, putting pen to paper, if not with glee, certainly with
aplomb, From elementary school on, I launched myself into writing
assignment after writing assignment without blushing or blanching.
While my classmates bit pencils, twisted hair, chewed lips, and de.
spnired, I sailed smoothly down the page, serene and sure. 1 wrote of
Dick, Jane, and Sally, of Spot and Puff, I wrote of my summer vacation
and my favorite places. And as the years passed and the pencils
changed from fat and red to thin and yellow, I wrote of Ionic col
umns, julius Cnesar, the Kennedy assassination (lack), and Chaucer’s
Prologue. Number two pencils gave way to blobbing balLpoints and I
CotiJeuuiotrs of a Former Sailor
u ~ i t i t i g of rcproductiotl i l l single-cell o r g ; i ~ ~ i s ~ nthe
Kcnned)s a 5 s a b s i i i i i t ion ([Jobby), Victii,irn, ; I I I C ~O / / l C / / ( JWhatever
subject, I s:iileci forth 011 : i n endless se:i of words, untlnunted, irnafriiid.
A n d m y cldssniates bit pciicils, tvistcO h a i r , chewed lips, iiiicl
des p a l r ed,
Noiv ;IS I s i t here giiawiiig i n y pcri, twibtitig m y h u i r , chewing
rn!’ 111,a n d tlcspairiiig of ever getting this essay done to my satisfac.
t i o n , I look Ixick on ihose d a y s with i i f a i n t nost:ilgi;i. I no longer
:rr)te i c i i h C ; I S C Thc ~vortls(lo not flow, ; i t l d I have lost my capacity
Tor sdiliiig (Iowii :I page. 1 h a v c left [tic ~ r ~ i o o t lwaters
Tor ttic r o u g h road, of doubt, [ ) L i t I …
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