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APA formatted Outline, see attachment.Problem/ Solution + Action or Cause/ Effect + Action5 sources
formal_outline_apa_example_april_2019__1_.docx

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Formal Outline: Turned in Prior to Speaking
Title/Topic
Specific Purpose:
Central Idea:
This is what your main point must support or prove. Tell me in one sentence
what the purpose of your speech is–for example “I will inform my audience
about…”
Summarize your speech/outline in one sentence. Should clearly sum up all of
your main points. A declarative sentence.
INTRODUCTION
I.
(Attention Getter) This could be a story or anything you know will GRAB your audience’s
attention.
II.
(Reveal Topic) Reveal your topic to your audience–just your topic–not a preview.
III.
(Credibility Statement) Answer the question “Why should we listen to YOU?” Give some type of
information(fact) or some reference that will show that you know what you are talking about.
This could be the fact that you had a class on the topic, or that you have done a lot of research,
or that you have firsthand experience with your topic, or you are an expert, etc.
IV.
(Relevancy Statement) Tell your audience how your topic is relevant to them.
V.
(Preview) Briefly reveal your topic and state what your main points will be. Your Preview is your
central idea/thesis statement. You could copy your central idea from above and paste it into this
spot. Your Central Idea will make an excellent preview to your speech. Your central idea is your
preview.
(TRANSITION: Transitions are used to go smoothly from one part/point of the speech to another.
Include in all your connectives the exact wording you will use in your speech.)
BODY
I.
(MAIN POINT 1) Your first main point goes here-it MUST be one complete sentence –your main
points must be consistent with your preview and your central idea – similar wording.
(INTERNAL PREVIEW: of Subpoints (A, B, AND C) Go HERE – Include the exact wording of your internal
preview that you will say in your speech)
A.
(SUBPOINT) You MUST have at least two subpoints under each main point. This should
be one complete sentence.
1.
(SUB-SUBPOINT) This is where the specific examples from your research are
included to support your main points. You can use quotes, examples, stories,
facts, statistics, analogies, etc.…. Be sure to cite all sources.
2.
B.
(Sub-sub-subpoint) Further examples and information to support your
subpoint. You can use abbreviations for the label–Example = (SSSP).
b.
(SSSP) If you have an ‘a.’ you must have a ‘b.’
(SSP) More of the above. If you have a ‘1.’ you must have a ‘2.’
(SP) You Must have a ‘B.’ You must include at least 2 subpoints for each Main Point
1.
2.
C.
a.
(SSP) Sub-Sub-Points and SSSPs are optional, however, you will most likely have
both in your speech to support your subpoints and main points.
a.
(SSSP) Further examples and information to support your subpoint.
b.
(SSSP) If you have an ‘a.’ you need a ‘b.’
(SSP)
(SUBPOINT–optional)
1.
(SSP)
2.
(SSP)
(INTERNAL SUMMARY – OF SUBPOINTS A, B, AND C GOES HERE – Include the exact wording of your
internal summary that you will say in your speech)
TRANSITION: A transition is used to go smoothly from the 1st Main Point to the 2nd Main Point.
(Include the exact wording of your transition)
II.
(MP 2) Your second MAIN POINT goes here. Follow the same format that you used for the first
main point.
(INTERNAL PREVIEW: of Subpoints (A, B, AND C) Go HERE – Include the exact wording of your internal
preview)
A.
(SUBPOINT) You should have at least two subpoints under each main point. This should
be one complete sentence. You cannot have an A without a B.
1.
(SUB-SUBPOINT) This is where the specific examples from your research are
included to support your main points. You can use quotes, examples, stories. Be
sure to cite all sources. If you have a ‘1.’ you must have a ‘2.’
c.
(Sub-sub-subpoint) Further examples and information to support your
subpoint.
d.
(SSSP) If you have an ‘a.’ you need a ‘b.’
2.
B.
(SP)
1.
2.
C.
(SSP) More of the above.
(SSP)
a.
(SSSP) Further examples and information to support your subpoint.
b.
(SSSP) If you have an ‘a.’ you need a ‘b.’
(SSP)
(SUBPOINT–optional)
1.
(SSP)
2.
(SSP)
(INTERNAL SUMMARY – OF SUBPOINTS A, B, AND C GOES HERE – Include the exact wording of your
internal summary)
TRANSITION: A transition is used to go smoothly from the 2nd Main Point to the 3rd Main Point.
(Include the exact wording of your transition)
III.
(MP 3) Your third MAIN POINT goes here. (The total number of main points is optional;
however, three main points seems to be the number easiest to manage as a speaker, and the
easiest to remember for your audience.)
(INTERNAL PREVIEW: of Subpoints (A, B, AND C) Go HERE – Include the exact wording of your internal
preview)
A.
(SUBPOINT) You should have at least two subpoints under each main point. This should
be one complete sentence. You cannot have an A without a B.
1.
2.
B.
(SP)
(SUB-SUBPOINT) This is where the specific examples from your research are
included to support your main points. You can use quotes, examples, stories. Be
sure to cite all sources. If you have a ‘1.’ you must have a ‘2.’
a.
(Sub-sub-subpoint) Further examples and information to support your
subpoint.
b.
(SSSP) If you have an ‘a.’ you need a ‘b.’
(SSP) More of the above.
1.
2.
C.
(SSP)
a.
(SSSP) Further examples and information to support your subpoint.
b.
(SSSP) If you have an ‘a.’ you need a ‘b.’
(SSP)
(SUBPOINT–optional)
1.
(SSP)
2.
(SSP)
(INTERNAL SUMMARY – OF SUBPOINTS A, B, AND C GOES HERE – Include the exact wording of your
internal summary)
TRANSITION:
A Transition is used to transition smoothly from the body of your speech into the
conclusion. (Include in your transitional statement your exact wording)
CONCLUSION
I.
(Summary Statement) Summarize your main points. Be specific and concise. Give an example
from each main point.
II.
(Memorable Closing Statement) Leave your audience with something to think about. A
memorable close that refers to the attention getter creates psychological unity for your
audience.
REFERENCES
EVERY SOURCE of information you used to prepare your speech must be included in the References and cited in
your speech. You must use APA formatting.

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