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– Need more than 8 scholarly references.- The referencing style we use is the Harvard style, and please do not use fake references.- I hope to get a very high level essay and get a great mark.-All requirements are in the attactchment.
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This assessment relates to the following unit learning outcomes:
(1) explain organisational behaviour theories and concepts across cultures and nations;
(2) describe the importance of an evidence-based approach to management
and organisational behaviour;
(3) interpret organisational problems in terms of individual, interpersonal and group
processes;
(4) analyse organisational problems using a number of established theoretical
frameworks;
(5) create solutions to managerial problems through the application of wellresearched organisational behaviour principles;
(6) develop oral and written communication skills.
Individual Written Evidence-Based Essay
Each student will be required to develop an evidence-based essay. To do this, you will need to
collect quality evidence (i.e., research from high quality research journals) and build an argument
to present a response to one of the three research topics posed below.
Given that not all evidence is equally trustworthy (i.e., what your mechanic tells you should invest
your money in is potentially less credible than what your financial advisor tells you) you need to
take a critical approach by selecting quality evidence and demonstrating why this evidence which
you have chosen is more valid or reliable than other sources.
Your evidence-based essay is to be a maximum of 1500 words. There is no additional leeway on
this word count and your work may be penalised if you exceed this limit. Edit 18/03/2019 (for
clarification): This 1500 words includes all words up to the Reference List (i.e. all headings, subheadings, in-text citations and general content up to the Reference List). The Reference List itself
is excluded from the word count.
You are to select one of the following three topics:
(1) When do teams not work?
(2) How to make an effective compensation system that links rewards to performance?
(3) As a manager, what kind of actions could you take to create a positive organisational culture?
Your evidence-based essay will be marked by tutors and moderated by the Unit Coordinator.
Edit 28/03/2019: Formatting Requirements:
– There is no cover page required for this assignment
– Professional presentation is highly recommended (i.e. Size 12, New Times Roman font with at
least 1.5 line spacing).
– Margins should be left as standard from in a default Word document.
Harvard citation style – All examples
In-text citations
Two or more works cited at one point in the text
If two or more works by different authors or authoring bodies are cited at one point in the text, use a semi-colon to separate them:
(Larsen 2000; Malinowski 1999)
The authors should be listed in alphabetical order.
Two or three authors or authoring bodies
When citing a work by two or three authors or authoring bodies, cite the names in the order in which they appear on the title page:
(Malinowski, Miller & Gupta 1995)
Block quotations
A block quote is a longer quote. It consists of more than about 30 words when using the author-date (Harvard) system:
It was stated that:
If any similiar qualitative research is to be undertaken in the future, then stringent controls should be put in place to ensure such statistical anomalies do not occur through lack of
methodological rigor, particularly through corruption of data inadequately stored and processes (Mullane 2006, p.66).
The actual quote is in slightly smaller font and idented from the left hand margin to distinguish it from the surrounding text.
In-text and reference list examples
Books & eBooks
Material Type
In-Text Example
Reference List Example
Book: single author
(Holt 1997) or Holt (1997) wrote that…
Holt, DH 1997, Management principles and practices, Prentice-Hall, Sydney.
Book: 2 or 3 authors
(McCarthy, William & Pascale 1997)
McCarthey, EJ, William, DP & Pascale, GQ 1997, Basic marketing, Irwin, Sydney.
Book: more than 3
authors
(Bond et al. 1996)
Bond, WR, Smith, JT, Brown, KL & George, M 1996, Management of small firms, McGraw-Hill, Sydney.
Book: no author
(A history of Greece 1994)
A history of Greece 1994, Irwin, Sydney.
Book: editor
(ed. Jones 1998)
Jones, MD (ed.) 1998, Management in Australia, Academic Press, London.
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Harvard citation style – All examples
Book: 2 or more editors (eds Bullinger & Warnecke 1985)
Bullinger, HJ & Warnecke HJ (eds) 1985, Toward the factory of the future, Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Book: translator &
author
(trans. Smith 2006)
Colorado, JA 2006, Economic theory in the Mexican context: recent developments on the ground, trans. K Smith,
Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Book: organisation as
author
(Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics 2001, Aquaculture development in Australia: a review of
Economics 2001)
key economic issues, ABARE, Canberra.
Book: chapter or
article in edited book
‘A number of disturbing facts intrude’ (Milkman
1998, p. 25)
Milkman, R 1998, ‘The new American workplace:high road or low road?’ in Workplaces of the future, eds P
Thompson & C Warhurst, Macmillan Press, London, pp. 22-34.
Book: edition other
than first
(Drafke 2009)
Drafke, M 2009, The human side of organizations, 10th edn, Pearson/Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, N.J.
Roget’s thesarus of English words and phrases, 1987 (1852).
A simple reprint does not warrant specific mention. Where a work is reprinted in a different form, the original date of
publication is generally placed in parentheses after the publication date of the reprint.
Book: reprint in a
different form
(Roget’s thesaurus of English words and phrases
1987)
eBook
(Aghion & Durlauf 2005)
Aghion, P & Durlauf, S (eds) 2005, Handbook of economic growth, Elsevier, Amsterdam. Available from: Elsevier
books. [4 November 2004].
eBook: chapter or
article in an edited
eBook
‘Historical thinking is actually a Western
perspective’ (White 2002, p. 112)
White, H 2002, ‘The westernization of world history’ in Western historical thinking: an intercultural debate, ed J
Rusen, Berghahn Books, New York, pp. 111-119. Available from: ACLS Humanities E-Book. [14 May 2009].
Book: different works
by same author in same
(Bond 1991a) (Bond 1991b)
year
Bond, G 1991a, Business ethics, McGraw-Hill, Sydney.
Bond, G 1991b, Corporate governance, Irwin, London.
The Macquarie Dictionary (2010)
Dictionary or
Encyclopedia
(The Encyclopedia of Australian Architecture)
Do not include in reference list
Journal Articles
Material Type
CMO article
In-Text Example
(Jennings 1997)
Reference List Example
Jennings, P 1997, ‘The performance and competitive advantage of small firms: a management
perspective’, International Small Business Journal, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 63-75. Available from: The University of
Western Australia Library Course Materials Online. [1 September 2004].
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Harvard citation style – All examples
Journal article: print
(Conley & Galeson 1998)
Conley, TG & Galeson, DW 1998, ‘Nativity and wealth in mid-nineteenth century cities’,Journal of Economic
History, vol. 58, no. 2, pp. 468-493.
Journal article:
electronic database
(Liveris 2011)
Liveris, A 2011, ‘Ethics as a strategy’, Leadership Excellence, vol. 28, no. 2, pp.17-18. Available from: ProQuest. [23
June 2011].
Journal article: online
only journal (no
volume & and issue
numbers)
“Over a dozen writers applied before the August
31 deadline” (Bustamante 2014, ‘Public library
of Cincinnati’, para. 4).
Bustamante, C 2014, ‘Libraries welcome writers in residence’, Library Journal. Available from:
. [29 September 2014].
Journal article: online
only journal (volume &
issue number available) (Segon & Booth 2011)
Segon, M & Booth, C 2011, ‘Bribery: what do Australian managers know and what do they do?’, Journal of Business
Systems, Governance and Ethics, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 15-29. Available from:
. [20 October 2014].
Internet/Websites
Material Type
In-Text Example
Reference List Example
(Improve indigenous housing 2007)
Webpage: no author
Use first few words of the page title
Improve indigenous housing now, government told, 2007. Available from: . [8 February 2009].
Webpage: no date
(Jones n.d.)
Jones, MD n.d., Commentary on indigenous housing initiatives. Available from: .
[6 June 2009].
Web document
(Department of Industry, Tourism and
Resources 2006)
Department of Industry, Tourism and Resources 2006, Being prepared for an influenza pandemic: a kit for small
businesses, Government of Australia. Available from: . [28 February 2009].
Website
(Australian Securities Exchange 2009)
Australian Securities Exchange 2009, Market Information. Available from:
. [5 July 2009].
Blog
(Newton 2007)
Newton, A 2007, Newcastle toolkit. 16 January 2007. Angela Newton: Blog. Available from:
. [23 February 2007].
Computer software
(OpenOffice.org 2005)
OpenOffice.org, computer software 2005. Available from: . [11 January 2005].
Web based image /
table / figure
(The Lunar Interior 2000)
The Lunar Interior, 2000. Available from: . [28
November 2000].
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Harvard citation style – All examples
Cases and Legislation
Material Type
In-Text Example
Reference List Example
Cases
(R v Tang (2008) 237 CLR 1)
R v Tang (2008) 237 CLR 1.
Acts of Parliament
(Corporations Act 2001 (Cth) s 3)
Corporations Act 2001 (Cth).
Delegated Legislation
(Police Regulations 2003 (Vic) reg 6.
Police Regulations 2003 (Vic) reg 6.
Bills
(Corporations Amendment Bill (No 1) 2005
(Cth)
Corporations Amendment Bill (No 1) 2005 (Cth).
Company Information
Material Type
In-Text Example
Reference List Example
Company report
(Aspect Huntley 2009)
Aspect Huntley DatAnalysis 2009, National Australia Bank Limited company report. Available from: Aspect Huntley
DatAnalysis. [20 May 2009].
Company profile
(Datamonitor 2009)
Datamonitor 2009, Wesfarmers Limited company profile. Available from: Business Source Premier. [20 May 2009].
Financial data
(Datastream 2009)
Datastream 2009, S&PASX200 daily index data 2000-2009. Available from: Datastream. [20 May 2009].
Datasets
(Australian Bureau of Statistics 2012)
Australian Bureau of Statistics 2012, Australian demographic statistics 2012, Cat. no. 3101.0, Australian Bureau of
Statistics, Canberra. Available from: . [26 October 2012].
Conference Papers & Proceedings
Material Type
In-Text Example
Reference List Example
(Riley 1992)
Riley, D 1992, ‘Industrial relations in Australian education’, in Contemporary Australasian industrial
relations: proceedings of the sixth AIRAANZ conference, ed. D Blackmur, AIRAANZ, Sydney, pp. 124-140.
Conference proceeding
paper: electronic
(Fan, Gordon & Pathak 2000)
Fan, W, Gordon, MD & Pathak, R 2000, ‘Personalization of search engine services for effective retrieval and
knowledge management’, Proceedings of the twenty-first international conference on information systems, pp. 20-34.
Available from: ACM Portal: ACM Digital Library. [24 June 2004].
Conference proceeding
paper: unpublished
(Brown & Caste 1990)
Brown, S & Caste, V 2004, ‘Integrated obstacle detection framework’. Paper presented at the IEEE Intelligent
Vehicles Symposium, IEEE, Detroit, MI.
Conference proceeding
paper: print
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Harvard citation style – All examples
Newspapers
Material Type
In-Text Example
Reference List Example
Newspaper: print
(Ionesco 2001)
Ionesco, J 2001, ‘Federal election: new Chip in politics’, The Advertiser 23 October, p. 10.
Newspaper: electronic
database
(Meryment 2006)
Meryment, E 2006, ‘Distaff winemakers raise a glass of their own to their own’, The Australian 7 October, p. 5.
Available from: Factiva. [2 February 2007].
Newspaper: from a
website
(Hilts 1999)
Hilts, PJ 1999, ‘In forcasting their emotions, most people flunk out’, The New York Times 16 February. Available
from: . [19 February 2000].
Newspaper: no author
(The Sydney Morning Herald 7 January 2011, p.
12)
Not required.
Multimedia
Material Type
In-Text Example
Reference List Example
DVD
(Art Nation 2010)
Art Nation 2010, (DVD), Australian Broadcasting Corporation, Sydney.
Television programme
(Crystal 1993)
Crystal, L (executive producer) 1993, The MacNeil/Lehrer news hour (television broadcast) 11 October 1993, New
York and Washington DC, Public Broadcasting Service.
Podcast
(National Gallery 2012)
National Gallery 2012, Episode seventy one (September 2012), The National Gallery monthly podcast, (podcast)
September 2012, Available from: . [26 October 2012].
Wiki
(Leonardo da Vinci 2012)
‘Art Wikia’, Leonardo da Vinci, (wiki article), October 8, 2012, Available from:
. [26 October 2012].
As Wikis usually feature user generated content there is usually no named author. Cite the title of the Wiki and date
of last revision
Facebook, Twitter,
Bebo
(Smith 2012)
Smith, P 2012, Social networking group, (Facebook), 6 October. Available from: . [29 October
2012].
Music track from an
album
(Shocked 1992)
Shocked, M 1992, ‘Over the waterfall’, on Arkansas Traveller (CD), New York, Polygram Music.
YouTube
(The History of Project management 2010)
The history of project management, 2010 (video file), Available from: . [26 October 2012].
(Forsey & May 2013)
Forsey, M & May, V 2013, Discussion with Dr Vanessa May, video file in Developing the Sociological Imagination
on UWA class2go, Semester 1, 2013, University of Western Australia. Available from:
. [30 May 2013].
MOOCs video
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Harvard citation style – All examples
Standards & Patents
Material Type
In-Text Example
Reference List Example
Patent
(Cookson 1985)
Cookson, AH 1985, Particle trap for compressed gas insulated transmission systems, US Patent 4554399.
Standard: retrieved
from a database
(Standards Australia 2008)
Standards Australia 2008, Personal floatation devices – General requirements, AS 4758.1-2008. Available from:
Australian Standards. [1 December 2008].
Standard: published
(Standards Australia/New Zealand Standard
1994)
Standards Australia 1994, Information processing – text and office systems – office document architecture (ODA) and
interchange format: part 10: formal specifications, AS/NZS 3951.10:1994, Standards Australia, NSW.
CMO
Material Type
CMO article
In-Text Example
(Jennings 1997)
Reference List Example
Jennings, P 1997, ‘The performance and competitive advantage of small firms: a management
perspective’, International Small Business Journal, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 63-75. Available from: The University of
Western Australia Library Course Materials Online. [1 September 2004].
Lecture Notes
Material Type
Lecture notes
Course reader
In-Text Example
Reference List Example
(Foster 2004)
Foster, T 2004, Balance sheets, lecture notes distributed in Financial Accounting 101 at The University of Western
Australia, Crawley on 2 November 2005.
(Graber 2007)
Graber, D 1997, ‘Elections in the television age’ in Mass media and American politics, CQ Press, Washington DC, p.
228, COMM2001 Communication and Mass Media Course Reader, Semester 2, 2012, University of Western
Australia.
Theses
Material Type
In-Text Example
Reference List Example
Thesis: unpublished
(Hos 2005)
Hos, JP 2005, Mechanochemically synthesized nanomaterials for intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cell
membranes. Ph.D thesis, University of Western Australia.
Thesis: published
(May 2007)
May, B 2007, A survey of radial velocities in the zodiacal dust cloud. Bristol UK, Canopus Publishing.
Thesis: retrieved from
a database
(Cincura 2012)
Cincura, M 2012, Beyond profit-centric: transcendent business modelling. Ph.D thesis, Swinburne University of
Technology. Available from: Trove. [12 August 2013].
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Harvard citation style – All examples
Tables and figures
Material Type
In-Text Example
Reference List Example
All or part of a table,
figure, or data used in
text: from a print
journal
Note. From [or The data in column # are from]
Ackerman, D & Stein ED 2008. ‘Evaluating the effectiveness of best management practices using dynamic
‘Evaluating the effectiveness of best
modelling’, Journal of Environmental Engineering, vol.134, no. 8, pp. 629-639.
management practices using dynamic modelling’
(Ackerman & Stein 2008, p.634)
Add in-text citation to the text of the illustration’s caption.
All or part of a table,
figure or data used in
text: from a book
Note. From [or The data in column # are
Assael, M 1998, Thermophysical properties of fluids, Imperial College Press, London.
from] Thermophysical properties of fluids p. 113
(Assael 1998, p.70)
Add in-text citation to the text of the illustration’s caption.
Australian Bureau of Statistics 2009, International merchandise imports Australia, January 2009 (No. 5439.0).
Available from: . [6 March 2014].
Note. From [or The data in column # are
from] International merchandise imports
Australia, January 2009 (ABS 2009)
All or part of a table,
figure or data used in
text: from the web
Add in-text citation to the text of the illustration’s caption.
Personal communication
Material Type
In-Text Example
If the information you are referencing was obtained by a personal communication such as a telephone call, interview or email, this should be documented in the text and
are not added to the reference list. If desired you can add the abbreviation pers.comm. to the reference.
Telephone call,
interview, e-mail, etc.

When interviewed on 6 June 2008, Mr M Ward confirmed…

(Mrs S Byrne 2012, pers.comm., 6 June)
Citing information someone else has cited
Material Type
Citing information that
someone else has cited
In-Text Example
(O’Reilly, cited in Byrne 2008)
Reference List Example
Byrne, A 2008, ‘Web 2.0 strategies in libraries and information services’, The Australian Library Journal, vol. 57
no. 4, pp. 365-376.
In the reference list provide the details of the author who has done the citing.
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