Chat with us, powered by LiveChat ENGL102 Municipal Waste Management Proposal Assignment | Abc Paper
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Surname 1
Name: YingXuan Ma
Professor: Al-Amin
Course: English 102
Date: 3/14
Project Proposal
Waste management has become the center of many governments whether at the local or
national and state level. My work with this topic mainly focuses on the municipal level of
managing waste. A cost/benefit analysis of methods which are being applied will be especially
effective in highlighting the most efficient approaches.
Most of my sources for this project will include news articles and journal articles. This is
mainly because I will be relying on the sources to identify developing news on waste
management as well as new technologies being applied around the world. Overall, I believe
using news articles will be crucial because they can capture the most recent information on
developments in different cities and countries. I will also use documentaries published on waste
management.
Generally, I chose this topic due to my interaction with waste management. I work part
time in a hotel which produces a lot of waste and that is where I got my curiosity from. The poor
management of waste from this hotel and other nearby ones prompted me to research better and
more efficient waste management for sustainability. I am curious to know the common
management approaches and how they could be improved. I am also working to understand how
the municipal waste management systems work, are funded, and their efficiency in managing
waste as compared to the efficiency of private firms on the same.
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research question: Which is the most economical and environmental way to deal with the
municipal waste in the US and China.
my working argument: Owing to the poor municipal waste management, composting can
be used as an effective solution to degradable solid waste management in cities.
Sample 1
How does growing up in a single-parent home affect you?
One question that has peaked curiosity is “how deeply can one be affected due to living
in a single parent home?” Some would argue that growing up with just one parent can
be beneficial in the way that you learn independence at a younger age—you mature
faster and learn “adult” skills. Others would argue that because you are given the
opportunity to grow up in a two-parent home, you’re given twice the love and attention.
A common belief amongst lots of people is that growing up in a home without a father, a
daughter may adopt “daddy issues” or that a son may “turn gay because he only had his
mother.” The same goes for growing up without a mother: Can a father raise a daughter
and have her not be a tom boy? Does a son grow up, never knowing a woman,
specifically his own mothers, love? Is there a better home to raise your children in?
One of the primary sources I plan on using for this paper is a book called “Focus on
Single-Parent families: Past, Present and Future” written by Annice Dale Yarber and
Paul M. Sharp and was published in 2010. This book has four different parts to it, each
focusing on the different aspects of raising a child in a single parent home. One of the
secondary sources I will be using is a Psychology Today article titled “Children of Single
Mothers: How Do They Really Fare?” This article was written in January of 2009 by
Bella DePaulo who has a PHD in social psychology which she obtained from Harvard.
I chose to do research on this topic because I see more and more people today raising
their children in single parent homes. I was curious to see the results of how many
people think they were better off being raised by a mother or father and to see the
results of those who were raised with both.
Sample 2
Quantum Computing Research
For this semester of English 102, I have decided that I would like my research to be centered on
Quantum Computers. The main question I hope to answer through my research is, “are Quantum
Computers essential enough to advancing science that the time and energy spent improving them
is worthwhile?” I chose such a question because from my initial knowledge of the machines they
are difficult to build, maintain, and program. If there is an easier way to solve problems that we
believe are restricted to Quantum Computers through other means we should not force a solution
through Quantum Computers.
Already, I can tell that majority of my sources will come from scholarly journals and lectures
about Quantum Computers. I think this because Quantum Computing is evolving very quickly so
“new information” found in books could be outdated. When using a book, my main goal would
be to evaluate the foundation of the new technology rather than explore new ideas. I have found
a book titled, “What the future looks like: scientists predict the next great discoveries and reveal
how today’s breakthroughs are shaping our word” that seems to have a treasure trove of
preliminary information about Quantum Computers. The book is written by a leading researcher
of Quantum Computing. He also has been sponsored by the Royal Institution to talk about the
new machines. I was also considering using an episode from Neil deGrasse Tyson’s podcast
“StarTalk” about quantum computers to explore the machine’s security capabilities.
Personally, I chose Quantum Computers as my topic because I want to major in computer
science and Quantum Computing is a new, exciting paradigm. I hope that one day I can work on
Google’s or NASA’s Quantum Computer. As I start to research the fundamentals of Quantum
Computing, I can delve deeper into an interest of mine from a more academic prospective
Sample 3
Off-Grid Living
My research question for this research paper is “What can be done to achieve living off grid?” I
will be mainly focusing on the individual and the single dwelling instead of a whole community.
This will encapsulate power usage reduction, power production, water collection, purification,
and conservation, food production, and waste disposal, reuse, recycling, and composting. I will
also look into the costs to achieve this lifestyle, whether or not it’s worth it, and how long it
would take to have an even return on investment. I think for my last point, I will research the
effects these homes have on environmental conservation and the amount of people that would
need to adopt the practice to start to reverse environmental damage.
The types of media I plan to use for this research will be mostly ebooks from the school
database and websites. For my scholarly peer reviewed source, I have found four using the
library data base that I will narrow down. I may use all four depending on how close I end up
near ten sources. For my book source I will use “When All Hell Breaks Loose: Stuff You Need to
Survive When Disaster Strikes” by Cody Lundin. I’ve previously read this book and he devotes a
section of it to describing his off-grid home in detail. This will also cover one of my primary
sources. For my image I will try to use a picture of this same home, but depending on
availability, I might have to find another off-grid home. This should also cover another of my
primary sources. I want to find one that is aesthetically pleasing as most people have a negative
attitude when they hear “living off-grid” and associate it with vagabonds or similar groups. For
my article, I’ll likely use an article from Off-Grid magazine.
I picked this topic because I am and have been an amateur prepper for about 5 years, but the
extent of my preparation is knowledge and minimal gear. I am now at a place in life where I can
commit more resources to this endeavor and soon it will not be outside the realm of possibility
for me to commit to purchasing land and constructing a home with the ideas I’ll learn from this
paper in mind. I also hope to learn of measures I can apply to my current home in the
meantime to be more frugal.
Inquiry Questions
Municipal waste
Policy
There is need for better management of waste to reduce the effect on the environment.
This means landfills should be limited and more innovative approaches such as recycling
and new management technology should be adopted widely.
Hypothesis
The current poor practices in waste management are mainly due to the lack of investment
in better, more efficient waste management techniques for lack of evidence of efficiency.
Relationship
Poor waste management principles are related to increased outbreaks of waterborne
diseases. The possible explanation of the water borne diseases is that seepage of waste
from landfills infiltrates water sources hence leading to infection of people consuming the
water.
Interpretation
Waste management requires more focus on better management techniques reducing the
effect of landfills.
Value
Better waste management will save cities money on landfills and also reduce waterborne
infections.
Claim
More innovative waste management techniques are likely to save money while improving
the lives of city residents.
Surname 1
Name: YingXuan Ma
Professor: Al-Amin
Course: English 102
Date: 3/14
Waste Management Rhetorical Analysis
The article “A cost-effectiveness analysis for incineration or recycling of Dutch
household plastic waste” written by Raymund Gradus in 2017 analysis the effectiveness of using
incineration as waste management. The article sponsored by Tinbergen Institute and compares
plastic recycling to the efficacy of energy recovery thorough incineration in Netherlands. This
article uses critical to compare two approaches to waste management in the country. The source
looks at policy makers in the Netherlands and provides a comparison of the methods for effective
decision-making. The article concludes that incineration is more cost efficient in the Netherlands.
As a research article, the article by Gradus et al. limits the use of rhetoric but most
capitalizes on the statistical of findings. Statistical data is used to show that work is from
research and hence is quantifiable and also credible. For instance, the article explains that “over
half of the curbside municipalities (59%) collect plastics once a month and a quarter (27%) twice
a month” (Gradus et al. 5). This statistics used in rhetoric to show how high municipal waste
collection in the Netherlands is. Generally, the device is increasing credibility in statements
made about municipal waste and handling techniques used.
Rhetorical appeals such as appeal to ethos and logos are utilized in this article. The
appeal to ethics is ensured through the authors’ reference to different authoritative sources such
as ministries in the government. They also ensure that all their statistical facts are quoted from
authoritative sources and are backed by explanations from real-life research. The researchers
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appeal to logos by providing a cost-benefit analysis. By suggesting incineration as the better
option, the authors recognize the benefits and disadvantages of both options and hence ensure a
logical comparison is performed to come up with the said solution.
Finally, the article uses an official and professional appearance and this increase the
perception of credibility and reliability on the information provided in it. This appearance is by
the article’s APA format, use of footnotes, and referencing. Generally, since the article is
informative and exploratory, it does not provide fallacies and presents useful information that
could be used in the essay on waste management. It will be useful in informing the process of
cost-benefit analysis and how it can be used to shape municipal waste management.
Second article is by the World Bank and was published in September 2018. This article
titled “What a waste: An update look into the future of solid waste management” creates the
reader that the current waste management is horrible and this mainly affects developing
countries. The article looks at statistics data of solid waste management about the world and says
that waste management is facing deep problems which are mainly affecting developing
countries, especially in Africa. It is looking at recent events and statistical data, and the article
portrays the waste problem as choking humanity and growing every day.
The article uses several rhetoricals devices to well communicate the message of waste
management to the audience. First, it capitalizes on metaphorical language to show how waste
management is affecting people. In the title, for instance, the phrase “what a waste” is used
metaphorically to show the bad effects of poor waste management techniques being applied
today. Additionally, the article explains that pollution is “choking” African lives and livelihood.
This choking is a language is used to enhance the meaning of the language through adding
clarity.
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Elsewhere, the article combines appeal to ethos, logos, and pathos to convince the
audience of the need for urgency in improving waste management. First, the article is
authoritative because it is published on the World Bank website; the World Bank is one of the
most effective institutions in worldwide research. Secondly, the article appeals to emotions by
using images and highly emotional language. For example, the author states that “in recent
years, landslides of waste dumps have buried homes and people under piles of waste. And it is
the poorest who often live near waste dumps” (The World Bank, Par. 3). This language is
emotionally-charged to elicit pity in the reader. Finally, the article appeals to logic by using
statistical analyses as the basis for its arguments. The statistical figures are useful in showing the
logical conclusions that the authors arrive at.
While this article is highly credible, it also shows many bad things in logic. For instance,
the statement that pollution chokes African lives and livelihoods shows hasty generalization. Of
course not all people in Africa experience pollution which is too much for their survival.
Additionally, the ugly images of dumpsites are an appeal to pity. They are a fallacy that is
created to show that Africa is experiencing extreme levels of dumping and move the audience
through an appeal to their pity. However, generally, the article is convincing and effective in
campaigning for better waste management.
Between the two articles, second one article is more better and hence more useful in
waste management argument essay. The two are different because while Gradus’ is a research
report comparing two ways of managing plastic waste, the World Bank’s is an argumentative
approach to showing the current inadequacy in waste management. All in all, both articles are
useful in informing the level of solid waste management around the world. As such, they would
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both qualify for the essay on waste management as they serve crucial roles in understanding the
subject topic.
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Works Cited
Gradus, Raymond HJM, et al. “A cost-effectiveness analysis for incineration or recycling of
Dutch household plastic waste.” Ecological Economics 135 (2017): 22-28.
The World Bank. “What a waste: An update look into the future of solid waste management.”
The World Bank, 2018, Sept. 20. Retrieved from
https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/immersive-story/2018/09/20/what-a-waste-anupdated-look-into-the-future-of-solid-waste-management
Inquiry Questions
Municipal waste
Policy
There is need for better management of waste to reduce the effect on the environment.
This means landfills should be limited and more innovative approaches such as recycling
and new management technology should be adopted widely.
Hypothesis
The current poor practices in waste management are mainly due to the lack of investment
in better, more efficient waste management techniques for lack of evidence of efficiency.
Relationship
Poor waste management principles are related to increased outbreaks of waterborne
diseases. The possible explanation of the water borne diseases is that seepage of waste
from landfills infiltrates water sources hence leading to infection of people consuming the
water.
Interpretation
Waste management requires more focus on better management techniques reducing the
effect of landfills.
Value
Better waste management will save cities money on landfills and also reduce waterborne
infections.
Claim
More innovative waste management techniques are likely to save money while improving
the lives of city residents.
Surname 1
Name: YingXuan Ma
Professor: Al-Amin
Course: English 102
Date: 2/16
Profile Essay
The common adage that change begins with one’s self is one that gives a clear reflection
of the efforts required to address the issue of environmental degradation and economic
sustainability.
I was even more convinced about this notion when I learned about the
sentiments of James C. Fish Jr. on the issue of waste management as an initiative for
environmental preservation and a boost to the American economy.
Fish is the CEO of Waste
Management and he has been in this position from 2016 when he was first appointed as the
president of the company in August that year and promoted to be the CEO three months later.
His extensive experience in financial management enabled him to fit in the role by ensuring that
the recycling business grows significantly as the volume of municipal waste is minimized
(Leinfelder). Even with the established online services and routes which facilitate waste
management, Fish is focused on enhancing the waste collection technology. The CEO is
determined to replace landfills through technological innovations because landfills pollute the
environment.
Municipal waste refers to the disposed items which are collected by municipal authorities
or by other entities on behalf of the authorities (Weitz, Keith A., et al 1002). Most of the waste
comes from commerce, households, public institutions, and various offices.
Also, there are
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various components of the categories of municipal waste. As a CEO of a waste management
company, Fish shows the efforts which his team continues to make toward waste management
through the recycling process. The municipal are categorized according to sources such as
residential, industrial, commercial, construction, and demolition, and manufacturing services
among others. Therefore, I understood that there are industrial process wastes, spoiled food
wastes, agricultural food wastes, special wastes such as oil, batteries, consumer electronics,
glass, metals, plastics, and bulky items (Weitz, Keith A., et al 1007). In the construction and
demolition category, Fish explains that concrete, steel, and would are mostly found roads or in
construction sites (Weitz, Keith A., et al 1008). He also emphasizes that the impact of hazardous
wastes on the environment and the health of individuals in the community. Thus, he is working
on various plans for addressing the problem effectively.
With approximately 250 million tons of municipal solid waste produced every year from
the various sources, the United States leads other countries in the production of waste (Rob,
Nickolas, and Nora 17). Most of the municipal waste goes to the landfills.
According to Rob,
Nickolas, and Nora (18), most cities recycle less waste than that which the municipals send to the
landfill. Therefore, in his tenure, Fish is determined to ensure that there is a positive change in
this context so that waste can be reduced and eventually eliminated while the economy is
boosted through the waste recycling business (Toto). There is so much that should be done by
recycling companies and municipal entities to reproduce items and limit the volumes of waste
sent to landfill. The city council should ensure that are more recycling and re-use opportunities
than the existing ones. Too much waste in landfills is not appropriate because they decompose
slowly as they degrade the environment. Fish led the company towards the acquisition of other
recycling companies to increase the waste-to-energy plants as more are being const …
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