Chat with us, powered by LiveChat development and maintenance of substance use disorders/addiction, positive reinforcement, neuropharmacological effects of drugs, tolerance and withdrawal | Abc Paper
+1(978)310-4246 credencewriters@gmail.com
  

1. With reference to associative learning theories and studies, explain positive reinforcement in
relation to the development of substance use disorders and addiction. How do the
neuropharmacological effects of most drugs produce this phenomenon?
2. After repeated substance use many users report diminishing enjoyment from drug intake and
severe discomfort after stopping drug use. Explain the neurological changes responsible for these
phenomena and how this supports continued drug intake via associative learning mechanisms.
screen_shot_2019_04_13_at_11.39.25_pm.png

psyc1022_essayq_t1_2019.pdf

Unformatted Attachment Preview

PSYC1022
Psychology of Addiction
Term 1, 2019
Essay Instructions
A single, 1200 word essay must be submitted through the Turnitin portal on the PSYC1022 Moodle
page by 11.59pm AEDT on the 15th April 2019.
Instructions:
1. With reference to associative learning theories and studies, explain positive reinforcement in
relation to the development of substance use disorders and addiction. How do the
neuropharmacological effects of most drugs produce this phenomenon?
2. After repeated substance use many users report diminishing enjoyment from drug intake and
severe discomfort after stopping drug use. Explain the neurological changes responsible for these
phenomena and how this supports continued drug intake via associative learning mechanisms.
• You may choose to address each of these sequentially, with or without subheadings, or you may
address it as a more integrated discussion about addiction. The important thing is to make sure you
clearly address all parts of the essay question, and that your discussion follows a logical progression.
• You should ensure that you explicitly define addiction and any models, theories, frameworks or
concepts you discuss in your essay. You should assume the reader is an intelligent person who is
ignorant of substance use disorder and related neuropharmacology and associative learning
principles. Remember, we need to be able to see your understanding of these concepts in your
writing.
• Make sure you relate your answers to substance use disorder and addiction, failing to do this is
one of the most common places where students lose marks.
• You need to select appropriate literature to cite in your essay (i.e. websites, blogs, etc. are not
considered appropriate sources; published scientific literature, DSM-5 are appropriate). You should
use empirical evidence (e.g. published journal articles) to support your discussion.
• You should not simply list a general description of facts. Instead, you need to clearly discuss
important concepts in the literature and research evidence and then provide a detailed explanation
of how/why these points are relevant in answering the essay question.
• Your response will be significantly improved through the use of examples from experimental
papers to support your discussion/explanation of certain concepts. You may find it useful in
explaining the phenomena mentioned in the question to refer to experimental models using animals
where similar behaviour or effects have been shown.
Essay Format:
 The 1200 word limit is very strict. There will be a 5% penalty for a word count of 1201-1250, plus a
further 5% penalty for every 50 words thereafter. Thus, an essay of 2200 words would receive a
mark of 0 (The “10% over rule” does not apply here).
 In-text citations and any subheadings are included in the word count
 The reference list itself does not form part of the word count, nor does the title, or other
peripherals such as your name and student ID number.
 If you choose to include appendices in your essay then these will be included in the word count.
You should ask yourself if you really need appendices before including them – information pertinent
to answering the question should be included in the main body of the essay.
 If you choose to include figures or tables within your essay, make sure that the figure caption
contains sufficient information to understand its content. In addition to this, you should not present
new information or arguments in your figure captions that is not mentioned within the main body of
your essay (Figure captions/headings do not contribute to the word count).
 Do not include an abstract in your essay
 The flow of your essay is important. You may choose to approach the essay how you like, but your
ideas should link together and flow in a logical fashion.
 Formatting (i.e. document setup parameters such as margins, line spacing, font size & type,
paragraph indents, etc.) and referencing (both in-text citations and the reference list) are to be done
using APA style (as per the APA manual‟s 6th edition). See: http://www.apastyle.org/manual/. A
copy of the manual can be found in the library. We will be specifically checking the following:
 Double spacing
 No additional line between paragraphs
 Indented first line of each paragraph
 References (in-text and reference list) in APA format
 Being an essay, it is expected that submissions adhere to the standard format of all academic
essays (i.e. introduction, body, conclusion). It is assumed that students have polished academic
essay writing skills, if not, it is highly recommended that students seek assistance with essay writing
skills prior to submitting this assessment. Poor academic writing skills will negatively impact the
mark achieved in this piece of assessment. For help with academic writing see:
http://www.lc.unsw.edu.au/
Things to consider – What makes a good essay?
• Remember to clearly define any concepts/models/theories that you introduce in your essay. Don‟t
assume that the marker will know what you are talking about – we need to be able to see your
understanding of the material you discuss in your essay.
• Make sure you select appropriate literature to support your discussion – published scientific
literature or textbooks are considered appropriate sources. Websites, blogs etc. are not considered
appropriate sources for a scientific essay.
• You should aim to clearly discuss important concepts in the literature and course content, and
then provide a detailed explanation of how and why these are important. Simply listing facts or
knowledge is not considered an adequate response.
• The number of references you use is not important or an indication of essay quality. A high quality
response can achieve a strong argument by carefully selecting a few good research papers and
discussing them in sufficient detail to effectively support their argument.
• Avoid relying too heavily review papers that express the opinion of others. You need to locate the
empirical evidence, evaluate it and formulate your own interpretation of its relevance to your
discussion. This also applies to the use of direct quotation – it’s much better to paraphrase material
to demonstrate your understanding and ability to put the information in your own words.
• The quality of essays will be judged on the clarity of the information provided, and the integration
of empirical evidence into a persuasive argument.
• The marking will be based on the strength of your argument and the clarity of your expression.
When writing in science, the key is to clearly explain complex ideas. With this in mind, the audience
you are writing for is an intelligent person who is ignorant of addiction/substance use disorder.
Submission Guidelines:
• Late submissions will incur a penalty of 2% of the essay mark per day – make sure you submit well
ahead of the deadline to avoid last minute complications
• Should accident/illness/misadventure prevent you from submitting your essay on time, you need
to apply formally online for special consideration and provide appropriate supporting
documentation with your application
• Students‟ with SEADU adjustments for written assessments must notify the course coordinator via
email (p.green@unsw.edu.au) of their intention to exercise their support no later than one week
prior to the due date.
Plagiarism:
• Please familiarize yourself with UNSW‟s policy on plagiarism. This is very important. Plagiarism is a
serious academic offence. This course takes all forms (e.g. inappropriate citation and/or
paraphrasing, excessive quoting, copying, selfplagiarism etc.) of plagiarism seriously and action will
be taken if plagiarism is identified in your work. For more information see:
https://student.unsw.edu.au/plagiarism
• Originality reports will not be available to students. It is the student’s responsibility to ensure that
their work is original and free of plagiarism prior to submission. If there are issues with your
originality report you will be contacted by the School of Psychology in due course.

Purchase answer to see full
attachment

error: Content is protected !!