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3 different assignments separated by headings. The approved focus/topic is attached in a word document. It is related with Autism and Education in Middle ad Elementary Schools**** SEE THE ATTACHMENT PLEASE because there are feedback to fix there for future and you need it for the rest of the assignments.1- Assignment #1 Annotated BibliographyCreate an annotated bibliography that includes a minimum of **********six primary research articles related to your approved focus/topic. Remember to proofread your paper and review the grading rubric before you submit your assignment.2- Assignment #2 Analysis of Educational Research Articles (table to fill attached)*********Fill in the required information for each category of educational research on the table (see next page), based how each one was applied in the related, required research article: Purpose of study, how (and what) data were collected and analyzed, and what the strengths and limitations were of both the approach and the study. Keep each entry brief and concise. Remember to cite your sources! Use quotation marks and include a page or paragraph number in the in-text citation for anything that is copied. Include the reference list (provided on the last page). Required Research Articles: Action Research Keegan, R. (2016). Action research as an agent for enhancing teaching and learning in physical education: A physical education teacher’s perspective. Physical Educator, 73(2), 255-284. doi:10.18666/TPE-2016-V73-I2-6236 Qualitative Research Bayar, A. (2016). Challenges facing principals in the first year at their schools. Universal Journal of Educational Research 4(1), 192-199. doi:10.13189/ujer.2016.040124 Quantitative Research Savaiano, M. E., Compton, D. L., Hatton, D. G., & Lloyd, B. P. (2016). Vocabulary word instruction for students who read Braille. Exceptional Children, 82(3), 337-353. doi:10.1177/0014402915598774 Mixed Methods Research Mahowalda, M., & Loughnaneb, M. (2016). Reading development and achievement of 4th-grade Hmong students. Journal of Research in Childhood Education, 30(1), 57–73. doi:10.1080/02568543.2015.1107155ReferencesBayar, A. (2016). Challenges facing principals in the first year at their schools. Universal Journal of Educational Research 4(1), 192-199. doi:10.13189/ujer.2016.040124Mahowalda, M., & Loughnaneb, M. (2016). Reading development and achievement of 4th-grade Hmong students. Journal of Research in Childhood Education, 30(1), 57–73. doi:10.1080/02568543.2015.1107155Keegan, R. (2016). Action research as an agent for enhancing teaching and learning in physical education: A physical education teacher’s perspective. Physical Educator, 73(2), 255-284. doi:10.18666/TPE-2016-V73-I2-6236Savaiano, M. E., Compton, D. L., Hatton, D. G., & Lloyd, B. P. (2016). Vocabulary word instruction for students who read Braille. Exceptional Children, 82(3), 337-353. doi:10.1177/0014402915598774 3- Assignment #3 Literature Synthesis********Organize and synthesize research literature related to your approved focus/topic, including those articles that annotated in Assignment #2.Remember to submit PDFs of any articles that you are adding to those you submitted with Assignment #2.Remember to proofread your paper and review the grading rubric before submitting this assignment.RUBRIC FOR TASKS ARE ATTAHED AS WELL, PLEASE FOLLOW INSTUCTIONS. THE ASSIGNMET WITH THE TOPIC TO WORK ON IT IT IS ATTACHED. TEACHER LIKE IT, JUST NEED TO LOK IN THE FEEDBACK.THANKS!!!
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Assignment 1: Description of Topic
Assignment Due Date: 3/24/19
Date Submitted: 3/23/19
Student Name:
Elizabeth Alvarez-Hernandez
Student’s NSU ID#:
N01943387
Student’s Email Address:
ea896@mynsu.nova.edu
Phone Number:
813-562-9028
Site: Blackboard
Course: CUR 526
Ed Research for Practitioners
Assignment #: 1
Assignment Title or Description:
Description a of Focus/Topic
Course Instructor: Dr. Kathy A. Thomas
I, type your name, attest that the following work is my original work.
Nova Southeastern University
August 2018
2
Assignment 1: Description of Topic
Autism Education Issues. Strategies to have better outcome in Elementary and Secondary
Education in Hillsborough County Public Schools
Problem Statement
In Hillsborough County, Florida, self-education for children is not well structured so that
those students can achieve their goals of learning the standards and passing the tests, they send. I
think the problem is that there is no difference in assessing the autistic and / special children of
the regular students or without issues of this mental disorder. We need to find new strategies that
meet that criterion and help those students to be successful in life.
Autistic students do not have accommodation in the public schools for tests that allow them to be
evaluated differently, except for the 504, OT, PT and IEP programs, which is the extension of
time. However, there are not enough for them, they need to be engage deeply to success in the
core classes, and it is not true in real life.
Purpose
I believe that a humanitarian conscience should be made in the community and that the
Florida Department of Education take action to take measures so that students with this disorder
under the ASD umbrella can complete their academic courses using, for example, technology. In
classes. These children are brilliant in the use of technology, and you can work with them on this
aspect, and thus they engage in the program and can learn what they need to be able to pass
according to their age and level of intelligence and aptitude before the study for your future
either technical or professional university. The purpose is to provide the necessary help so they
3
Assignment 1: Description of Topic
can move forward in their learning. Autism is the fastest growing exceptionality compared to
other times worldwide. Many people are working on the case and many possibilities of
generating a healthy strategic idea that will help them incorporate into the community instead of
being rejected and bullied in the schools.
Community.
The community for this proposed project is in the elementary and secondary class
community in the Hillsborough county Public Schools.
The community has seen many
developments over the past 10 years, changing from rural to suburban. New additions, such as
commercial banks, radio stations, public and private clinics, a post office, community library,
police and fire stations, community parks, plazas, supermarkets, and eateries afford many
residents the convenience of living and working in their community. Nevertheless, community
needs more attention to ASD kids. It has been seen that the community wants to help children
with ASD, but they are associations that need funds, or are private entities. Not all people have
economic access above all to be able to receive a satisfactory help so that families with autistic
children they can be safe. Therefore, they can see their children will move forward and they will
have slow or fast progress according to the level of severity of the condition, or no change, but at
least the children will not be locked in their homes all the time without having the correct
education. In addition, many of them are brilliant minds that can be authentic scientists and selftaught by nature. You are missing geniuses for lack of help, and advice on proper education.
https://www.wedu.org/autism/)
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Assignment 1: Description of Topic
School.
Within this community, there are the same eight elementary and secondary school
academies for ASD from 1rst grade o 8th grade. They have only one school from k-12 in all
Tampa. In 2008, the statistics shows that autism student population has increased. All the
teachers for these specifics schools are trained and have earned, at minimum, a Bachelor’s
Degree in Education, while six have completed Master’s Degree in various disciplines. With the
exception of music, Spanish, science, computer, and physical education, which have specialized
teachers, teachers in grades one through six are trained to teach all other content material that
includes math, all language subjects (i.e. grammar, writing, spelling, reading, and listening
comprehension), social studies, religion, family life, and literature. However, for the rest of
teachers in Hillsborough county Public Schools, there are not certification to work with ESE
students, ad in all classrooms you will se few of them. Sometimes teachers do not know what to
do to improve their development academically.
FACE school: http://www.faceprogram.org/?page_id=9
SDHC: https://www.sdhc.k12.fl.us/schools/6639
5
Assignment 1: Description of Topic
Topic.
Find strategies to develop Autism Education in Elementary and Middle Public Schools
are the topic for this proposed project. Around the world, there are people aware of this issue, but
unfortunately, not in all states in USA the process and education management is the same.
Objectives

Identify the strategies utilized on children with autism in middle school

Evaluate the efficacy of the strategies utilized by the institution

Obtain information from the teachers concerning their experiences including the
challenges they face when teaching children with autism

Offer recommendations of ‘best practice’ that can enhance the efficacy of the institution’s
strategies
6
Assignment 1: Description of Topic
Context
The study takes place in Tampa, Florida. The community consists of 350,000 people based
on the 2014 census. The racial breakdown is: 62.9% of the population is White, 26.2%is African
American/Black, 23.1% is Hispanic or Latino, 3.4% are Asian, 0.4% are Native Alaskan, 0.1%
constitutes Pacific Islanders, whereas 3.8% are other races (World Population Review, 2019).
The median household income in Tampa is $52,212. The city has one of the highest income
disparities with poverty rates at 22% and income inequality of 0.479 based on the Gini index
(Data USA, 2018). This inequality is lower than the national average. Furthermore, there is a
shrinking middle class, with the wage gap between the rich and the poor widening. This brings
out the reason why some autistic students lack necessary educational stationaries and equipment
while others have the capability of affording more than the average.
The targeted school for the study is the Woodrow Wilson Middle School. The institution
has a population of 666 students of which 3.15% are Asian, 5.26% African American, 21.62%
Hispanic, 0.30% Indian, 65.47% White, and 4.20% multi-ethnic (Woodrow, 2019). The
institution offers lunch meals at a discounted cost that is catered by the parents. The institution is
a public school that caters to the Tampa community population. As a result, children are from
diverse income backgrounds. The study gives a general view across the socio-economic
dimension expounding the discourse of children with autism learning under one academic
environment.
Focus and Rationale for the Topic
The study seeks to identify the teaching strategies used on elementary and middle-school
students with autism. Included in the study is an examination of the efficacy of the teaching
strategies as well as the teachers’ experiences. The rationale for selecting this topic is to explore
whether inclusion practices are used in classrooms. The aim is to identify whether children with
autism are receiving enough help based on the standard cores of practice. The Autism Society of
Florida strives to ensure full participation and self-determination of every individual with autism
in daily activities (Florida Health, 2019). They are served with equal learning patterns that act as
a way of inculcating learning moral aimed at favoring student with equal measure.
Discrimination in the field of autism teaching widens the possibility of concentration and
7
Assignment 1: Description of Topic
influences negative attitude that hinders student’s concentration, and the feeling of disability
looms. This topic is relevant as it explores a societal issue that needs to be addressed (Mertler,
2016). The topic meets the requirements of the assignment and narrows it to a scope that can add
knowledge to a knowledge gap concerning teaching strategies for children with autism in middle
school.
This study is aligned with district/agency goals. The Florida Department of Education
along with other non-governmental organizations for families with autism seeks to adopt
inclusion practices that will help children with autism feel that they are part of the class. Thus,
adding a variety of programs to the school calendar acts as a stepping-stone, and a possible way
to deal with the negative feeling brought about by the condition. Thus, instead of considering
autism as a disability, serving the students with necessary technology and gadgets that that
enables them to hear and concentrate in class helps a great deal. This aim is supported with
research as studies reveal that children with autism can perform well when given an environment
with the right technologies, motivation, and support (Martha, 2012). Exposing autism children to
a learning environment with possible learning gadgets play a significant role in building their
future by giving them an educational value. Structured teaching strategies can capitalize on the
strengths of the student with ASD. As a result, such strategies motivate the child to engage more
and to seek independence.
Ethical Considerations
The researchers will need to obtain consent from the school institution and the parents prior
to initiating the research. Informed consent is an integral ethical rule as it coincides with the
ethical principles of justice, autonomy, and fairness. Thus, seeking consent from the relevant
authority becomes an essential element to exploit before formally settling for the underlying task.
There is extensive literature on ethical concerns in child psychiatry research (Mertler, 2015).
These studies cite that research-involving children should be to improve their health and well
being. Imposing children to a research process that can put their lives at risk is unethical even if
the researcher acquires consent from relevant authorities concerned. This research should result
in minimum to no risks on the participants, as the researchers should prioritize the safety of their
subjects.
8
Assignment 1: Description of Topic
Furthermore, subject confidentiality is paramount as the real names, medical history, and
personal details of the participants should be protected (Mertler, 2015). According to the state
code of ethics, the researchers should strive to maintain the highest degree of ethical conduct.
Maintaining conduct is an indication of professionalism, which coincides, with the underlying
intention of the research. Similarly, concealing the identity of the children presented for the
research purpose plays a critical role in preserving their moral uprightness in case of negative
research outcomes. For example, when the research exhibit a negative result from one of the
presented research specimen (individual) the researcher is expected to face the issue with the
utmost professionalism. If it is for individual’s well-being, the researcher need to know possible
ways to go about and inform the individual possible ways to manage the situation using the
professional procedures.
Nevertheless, research is always guided with a variety of code of conduct that provides
limitation and guidance into what should and should not be researched. Thus, it gives an insight
into the research serving the researcher with professional limitations up to a certain level of
research. This conduct includes valuing the worth and dignity of every person. The researchers
should obtain informed consent from the participants. In addition, the researchers should be able
to identify ethical issues when they arise and make sound conclusions based on sound moral
reasoning and principles (University of South Florida, 2019). It is undeniably true that
Consideration of the youngster’s development immaturity and aspirations; the study should be
conducted in collaboration with the caregivers/parents to avoid conflict. The study should
misrepresent facts obtained to influence professional judgment for their own personal gains.
According to the code, honesty should be upheld throughout the research process.
Research Topic:
The community and the school remain anonymous as “educational researchers must adhere
to ethical considerations and ensure that the participants in their studies are protected” (Mertler,
2016, p. 53). Anonymity and confidentiality are assured. The writer intends to search the
literature for research-based strategies that could provide a solution to the problem identified by
the topic.
9
Assignment 1: Description of Topic
Research Question
1- How can we face the fact that ASD has increased high levels during last decade.
2- How many schools with resources for all kinf of families are available to help ASD students?
3- What strategies can we implement as a teachers to help and try to develop students
academically?
4- Which method will be effective to engage ASD students to learning process?
5- Is technology an effective resource to explode that brain full of creativity in class?
6- Why mixes students with ASD in classrooms with regular kids?
7- Are all teachers prepared and trained to handle ASD students in all classrooms at all schools?
10
Assignment 1: Description of Topic
References
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). (2014, October 13). Retrieved from
http://www.fldoe.org/academics/exceptional-student-edu/ese-eligibility/autism-spectrumdisorder-asd.stml
ADDM Fl fact. (n.d.). Retrieved from
https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/autism/states/ADDM-Florida-fact-sheet.pdf
Autism Speaks names top ten autism studies of 2018. (n.d.). Retrieved from
https://www.autismspeaks.org/news/autism-speaks-names-top-ten-autism-studies-2018
CDC (2019). Data & Statistics on Autism Spectrum Disorder, Retrieved from
https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/autism/data.html
Data USA (2018). Tampa, Florida, Retrieved from https://datausa.io/profile/geo/tampafl/#economy
Finch, K., Watson, R., MacGregor, C., & Precise, N. (2013). Teacher Needs for
Educating Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders in the General Education Classroom.
Journal of Special Education Apprenticeship, 2(2).
Florida Health (2019). Autism Resources, Retrieved from
http://www.floridahealth.gov/programs-and-services/people-with-disabilities/brightexpectations/conditions/autism.html
Martha S. Burns. (2012). New views into the science of educating children with autism.
The Phi Delta Kappan, 94(4), 8.
Mertler, C. A. (2015). Introduction to educational research (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks,
CA: Sage
11
Assignment 1: Description of Topic
University of South Florida (2019) Ethics and conduct, Retrieved from
https://www.usf.edu/education/admissions/ethics-conduct.aspx
Woodrow Wilson Middle School (2018). About the School: Demographic Information
and School History, Retrieved from http://wilsonms.mysdhc.org/
World Population Review (2019). Tampa, Florida Population 2019, Retrieved from
http://worldpopulationreview.com/us-cities/tampa-population/
1
Assignment 1: Description of Topic
Assignment Due Date: 3/24/19
Date Submitted: 3/23/19
Student Name:
Elizabeth Alvarez-Hernandez
Student’s NSU ID#:
N01943387
Student’s Email Address:
ea896@mynsu.nova.edu
Phone Number:
813-562-9028
Site: Blackboard
Course: CUR 526
Ed Research for Practitioners
Assignment #: 1
Assignment Title or Description:
Description a of Focus/Topic
Course Instructor: Dr. Kathy A. Thomas
I, type your name, attest that the following work is my original work.
Nova Southeastern University
August 2018
2
Assignment 1: Description of Topic
Hi Elizabeth,
WOW – excellent descriptions and well written categories. The information provided was clearly
written and provided a great plan of action as you explore a very important topic in the literature.
Our children and youth who are on the spectrum as well as other learning challenges need
support, intervention, and differentiated instruction with highly qualified educators and
programming. Bravo. This is wonderful. I made some APA changes below so please revisit for
future assignments. Nicely constructed, Elizabeth.
Warm regards,
Dr. Thomas
Autism Education Issues. Strategies to have better outcome in Elementary and Secondary
Education in Hillsborough County Public Schools
Problem Statement
In Hillsborough County, Florida, self-education for children is not well structured so that
those students can achieve their goals of learning the standards and passing the tests, they send.
The problem that exists is no difference in assessing the autistic and / special children of the
regular students or without issues of this mental disorder. We need to find new strategies that
meet that criterion and help those students to be successful in life.
Autistic students do not have accommodation in the public schools for tests that allow
them to be evaluated differently, except for the 504, OT, PT and IEP programs, which is the
extension of time. However, there are not enough for them, they need to be engage deeply to
success in the core classes, and it is not true in real life.
3
Assignment 1: Description of Topic
Purpose
A humanitarian conscience should be made in the community and that the Florida
Department of Education take action to take measures so that students with this disorder under
the ASD umbrella can complete their academic courses using, for example, technology. In
classes. These children are brilliant in the use of technology, and you can work with them on this
aspect, and thus they engage in the program and can learn what they need to be able to pass
according to their age and level of intelligence and aptitude before the study for your future
either technical or professional university. The purpose is to provide the necessary help so
students can move forward in their learning. Autism is the fastest growing exceptionality
compared to other times worldwide. Many people are working on the case and many possibilities
of generating a healthy strategic idea that will help them incorporate into the community instead
of being rejected and bullied in the schools.
Community.
The community for this proposed project is in the elementary and secondary class
community in the Hillsborough county Public Schools. The community has seen many
developments over the past 10 years, changing from rural to suburban. New additions, such as
commercial banks, radio stations, public and private clinics, a post office, community library,
police and fire stations, community parks, plazas, supermarkets, and eateries afford many
residents the convenience of living and working in their community. Nevertheless, community
needs more attention to ASD kids. It has been seen that the community wants to help children
with ASD, but they are associations that need funds, or are private entities. Not all people have
economic access above all to be able to receive a satisfactory help so that families with autistic
children can be safe. Therefore, their children will move forward and will have slow or fast
4
Assignment 1: Description of Topic
progress according to the level of severity of the condition, or no change, but at least the children
will not be locked in their homes all the time without having the correct education. In addition,
many of them are bri …
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